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Marengo AK-194 - History

Marengo AK-194 - History


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Marengo

A county In west-central Alabama named for a village in northwestern Italy where Napoleon defeated the Austrians 14 June 1800.

(AK-194: dp. 7,450 (lim.) ; 1. 338'6"; b. 50'; dr. 2111" (lim.) ; a. 11.5 k; cpl. 85; a. 13", 6 20mm.; el. Alamosa; T. CI-M-AVI)

Marengo (AK-194) was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract by Walter Butler Shipbuilders Inc., Superior, Wis., 4 July 1944; launched 4 December 1944; sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Higgins; acquired by the Navy at New Orleans 24 August 1945; placed in service the same day for ferrying from Beaumont to Galveston, Tex.; placed out of service on arrival the 29th; and commissioned 21 September. The end of World War II reduced the need for cargo ships, so Marengo decommissioned 23 November and was transferred to WSA the same day. The ship was subsequently operated by North Atlantic & Gulf Steamship Co., under the name Coastal Spartan.


Marengo (skib)

Den franske flåde har haft syv skibe med navnet Marengo. Navnet henviser til den slagmark i Norditalien, hvor Napoleon besejrede den østrigske hær i juni 1800.

    Sceptre, søsat i 1780. Førte 74 kanoner, og blev i august 1800 omdøbt til Marengo. Det udgik i 1802 og fungerede derefter som fængselsskib i Brest, indtil det blev ophugget i 1811.
  • Linjeskibet Jean-Jacques Rousseau, søsat i 1795. Førte 74 kanoner, og blev i 1802 omdøbt til Marengo. Skibet blev i 1803 sendt til Indien som flagskib for en fransk eskadre, og på vej hjem i 1806 blev det erobret af englænderne (Se HMS Marengo).
  • Linjeskibet Marengo blev påbegyndt i 1807, men skiftede senere samme år navn til Ville de Vienne. Arbejdet på det lå stille i årevis, og først i 1850 blev det - efter yderligere et par navneskift - søsat som Ville de Paris med 118 kanoner.
  • Linjeskibet Marengo, søsat i 1810. Førte 74 kanoner og var en del af flåden helt frem til 1858. Fra 1860 til 1865 var det stationært fælgselsskib. I 1866 skiftede det navn til Pluton, og skibet blev ophugget i 1873.
  • Et mindre skib fra 1815 bar også navnet Marengo. Marengo, søsat i 1869. I aktiv tjeneste fra 1872 og udgået i 1894.
  • Patruljebåden Marengo var en bevæbnet trawler af Bouvines-klassen, bestilt i USA under 1. verdenskrig. Ankom først til Frankrig, da krigen var slut, og blev solgt kort efter. [1]

Den britiske flåde har haft et enkelt HMS Marengo:

  • Linjeskibet HMS Marengo. Søsat i Frankrig 1795 som Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Førte 74 kanoner, og blev i 1802 omdøbt til Marengo. Skibet blev i 1803 sendt til Indien som flagskib for en fransk eskadre, og på vej hjem i 1806 blev det erobret af englænderne. Beholdt navnet Marengo, og blev fra 1809 brugt som fængselsskib. Ophugget 1816. [2]

Den amerikanske flåde havde ligeledes en enkelt Marengo:

  • Fragtskibet USS Marengo (AK-194), søsat i december 1944 og i aktiv tjeneste fra august til november 1945. Samme måned overført til United States Maritime Comission og senere solgt til civilt brug, blandt andet med navnet Coastal Spartan. Marengo var opkaldt efter Marengo County i Alabama, der så til gengæld var opkaldt efter det berømte slag.

Civile skibe med navnet Marengo: Rederiet Wilson Line havde tre skibe med dette navn:


Marengo County

Geneva Mercer Located in the west-central region of the state, Marengo County is part of Alabama's Black Belt region. The Vine and Olive Colony, established in large part by French colonial refugees of the Haitian slave rebellion, was located in Marengo County, civil-rights leader Ralph Abernathy was born in the Hopewell community, and Waldo L. Semon, the inventor of PVC (vinyl), was born in Demopolis. Marengo County is governed by an elected five-member commission and includes the incorporated communities of Linden and Demopolis.
  • Founding Date: February 6, 1818
  • Area: 982 square miles
  • Population: 20,066 (2016 Census estimate)
  • Major Waterways: Tombigbee River, Black Warrior River
  • Major Highways: U.S. 43, U.S. 80
  • County Seat: Linden
  • Largest City: Demopolis
Old Marengo County Courthouse Marengo County was created by the Alabama Territorial Legislature on February 6, 1818, preceding Alabama's statehood by almost two years. The land was acquired from the Choctaw Indians under the 1816 Treaty of Fort St. Stephens. In 1817, a group of French immigrants who had been given refuge in the United States after a slave rebellion in Haiti, were given land to establish a colony dedicated to growing wine grapes and olives. The settlers were granted four townships of land by an act of Congress on March 3, 1817. The county's name was suggested by Judge Abner Lipscomb in keeping with the mythology that at least some of the settlers had served with French Gen. Napoleon Bonaparte in his victory at Marengo, Italy, over Austrian forces on June 14, 1800. The settlers of the Vine and Olive Colony, as it came to be known, founded several towns, including Demopolis. When the area was officially opened to general settlement in 1818, pioneers came mostly from Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. Later settlers travelled from Kentucky and Tennessee via the Federal Road. The first towns in the area that would become Marengo County were Linden, Demopolis, Myrtlewood, and Sweet Water. Thomaston Colored Institute The county seat was originally known as the Town of Marengo. Its name was changed in 1823 to Linden, a shortened version of Hohenlinden, the scene of another French victory in Bavaria in 1800. In 1820, the county constructed a two-room log courthouse in the Old Town part of Linden. This courthouse was replaced in 1825 with a larger, two-story log courthouse that burned in 1848. In the 1850s, a two-story Federal-style courthouse was constructed and remains the oldest Greek Revival courthouse in Alabama. It was used continuously until 1902, except for a brief period during Reconstruction, when the county seat was located in Demopolis. In 1903, a new Gothic-style courthouse was constructed it burned in 1965 and was replaced in 1968 by the current courthouse. Bluff Hall According to 2016 Census estimates, the population of Marengo County was 20,066. Of that total, 52.8 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 45.7 percent as white, 0.9 percent as Hispanic, 0.3 percent as two or more races, 0.2 percent as Asian, and 0.2 percent as Native American. The largest city is Demopolis, with an estimated population of 7,167. County seat Linden had an estimated population of 2,292. Other significant population centers include Faunsdale, Thomaston, Providence, and Sweet Water. The median household income was $30,713, compared with $44,758 for the state as a whole, and the per capita income was $20,359, compared with the $24,736 average for the state. Marengo County Timber Like most of Alabama's counties, farming was the prevailing occupation in Marengo County until the middle of the twentieth century. After the failure of the Vine and Olive Colony, the colonists and other settlers turned to cultivating cotton, which was the most prevalent cash crop until the 1930s. During the Great Depression, farmers diversified into corn and livestock and turned cotton fields into pasture for beef and dairy cows. In the 1960s, farmers began raising soybeans and constructing ponds for catfish farming. Marengo County's economy was mainly agricultural until the mid-twentieth century, but its many acres of forest along the Tombigbee River also provided employment in the timber industry.
  • Educational services, and health care and social assistance (25.6 percent)
  • Manufacturing (17.6 percent)
  • Retail trade (11.7 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (9.7 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (5.7 percent)
  • Public administration (5.3 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (5.2 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (4.3 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (4.0 percent)
  • Construction (3.9 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (3.7 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (1.9 percent)
  • Information (1.6 percent)
Marengo County Map Comprising approximately 982 square miles, Marengo County lies in the west-central part of the state. The county lies within the East Gulf Coastal Plain physiographic section of the Atlantic Plain region. It is bordered to the north by Hale and Greene Counties, to the northeast by Perry, Dallas, and Wilcox Counties, to the south by Clarke County, and to the west by Choctaw and Sumter Counties. A strip of dark black prairie soil known as the Black Belt runs through the northern part of the county, and the southern part of the county consists of sandy and clay soils. Alabama Rural Heritage Foundation and Center Marengo County offers many opportunities for recreation. For example, the scenic Black Warrior and Tombigbee Lakes system, which encompasses Bankhead Lake, Holt Lake, Oliver Lake, Warrior Lake, Demopolis Lake, and Coffeeville Lake, offers numerous recreational activities such as hunting, fishing, boating, hiking, and camping. The 520-acre Chickasaw State Park features campsites, a wading pool, and hiking trails as well as large pavilions and picnic sites. The Alabama Rural Heritage Foundation and Center is located in Thomaston, at the former Marengo County High School. Completed in 1909, the building is the oldest standing county high school in the state. Begun in 1986 and incorporated as a non-profit foundation in 1990, the center displays and sells traditional folk art and crafts from across the state, serving as a community hub and new source of income for the area.

Gaineswood The Marengo County History and Archive Museum, which displays artifacts and other items related to the county's history and culture, is located in the historic Rosenbush building, a former furniture store. Historic downtown Demopolis is home to several buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Gaineswood mansion, a nationally renowned example of Greek Revival antebellum architecture, was built between 1843 and 1861 under the direction of Gen. Nathan Whitfield. It was opened to the public in 1975 and stands as a reminder of the plantation era, when the Black Belt was the most influential area of Alabama. Other historic homes include Bluff Hall, built in 1832 and now a museum of local history, and Lyon Hall, built around 1850 and another example of Greek Revival architecture. Laird Cottage houses the Geneva Mercer Museum, which celebrates the life and work of the local sculptor. Demopolis is also home to Christmas on the River, which is noted for its floating light displays that adorn the Tombigbee River annually on the first weekend of December. The festival also features candlelight tours of the city's many historic homes as well as a barbecue cook-off.

The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000.


Facebook

First and foremost, this group is NOT owned by any person or persons, the people of Marengo, you all, own it! we are not 12 and don't claim ownership of a Facebook group. There are 7 admins, with equal … Ещё authority, to help moderate the page. If you block an admin, you will be removed.

This group was created to talk about all things happening in Marengo, IL, good or bad, events or activities, if it relates to Marengo, it's allowed. We do not regulate what can and can't be posted about here and support ALL things Marengo!

If you come here with the sole intention to cause trouble, you will be removed!

Absolutely NO DRAMA or bullying of other members! Differences of opinion are ok, but let's be respectful of each other.

Please keep all "For Sale" posts off this group. head over to Marengo, IL buy, sell & trade for that.

There are plenty of groups on Facebook, some more drama filled than others, so let's make sure this one stays productive and enjoyable. This is a great opportunity to get to know new people from the area and connect.

Also, please note that there is no rule saying we have to give people a chance to screw up! If you're a known trouble maker, there is no place for you here! This is a private group, not a democracy.


The New ‘Last’ Clotilda Survivor

Sylviane A. Diouf, a visiting scholar at Brown University’s Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice and author of Dreams of Africa in Alabama: The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Story of the Last Africans Brought to America, doesn’t think it’s helpful to talk about people as being “the last” Clotilda survivor. That’s because this designation is always changing as new research emerges.

For a long time, scholars considered Cudjo Lewis, or Kossola, to be the last survivor. He lived in Africatown, a community of Clotilda survivors in Alabama, until 1935. Public awareness of him rose in 2018 when Harper Collins released a previously unpublished interview that Zora Neale Hurston conducted with him. The next year Hannah Durkin, a lecturer in literature and film of Newcastle University, identified Sally Smith, or Redoshi, as the last survivor because she died in 1937.

Diouf identified another survivor, Matilda McCrear, in National Geographic’s February 2020 cover story. On March 19, Durkin published a paper in the journal Slavery & Abolition stating Matilda had lived even longer than Sally Smith. Diouf then revealed further information about Matilda for National Geographic. According to the scholars&apos research, Matilda passed away in Selma, Alabama in 1940 at age 82. She is survived by a big family that includes living grandchildren.


Marengo AK-194 - History

History of Settlers of Marengo County

by Joel Desaker Jones

Contributed by Mrs. James W. McCreedy, 6265 Meadow Crest Drive, La Mesa, California 92041

Submitted to Genealogy Trails by Barb Ziegenmeyer

Remarks about this contribution: "I am sending all the notes of families from the first 52 weeks of reprints of grandfather's articles on the histories of the people who settled in Marengo County, Alabama. It might be wise to state that these articles were first published when Joel Desaker Jones was alive and writing them (he died in 1946, and to my knowledge they have not been republished). He was deeply interested in the lives and histories of the people of Marengo County. By profession he was a civil engineer, but genealogy was of great interest to him. I have more detailed information on most of the names, as to offices held, etc., however, for briefness I am sending what I presume you would want. I will be happy to send anything else I have to anyone, if they will send a stamped, self-addressed envelope." Mrs. McCreedy has other contributions in store for us in addition to this series. She mentions that it has been said that all of her grandfather's facts were not always correct as he used many sources, but that she felt by and large they are as accurate as can be under the conditions they were assembled.

NOBLE, Steve - first white settler moved from Va. where he was born, to Tenn., then to Demopolis, Ala. in 1818. The following families were early settlers in the towns named:

THOMASTON: Thomas, Chapman, Fox, Buck, Carlton, McNeill, Andersen, Moseley, Hilton, Golden, Dr. C. B. Thomas.

DAYTON: Glover, Jones, Mison, Coleman, Clarke, Cash.

FAUNSDALE: M. Walder, W. M, Seldon, Hugh Nelson later settlers included: Walkins, McKee, Skinner, Minge, Bailey, Brown, Hollis, Dugger, Alexander.

OLD SPRING HILL: Allen, Appes, Skinner, Abemathy, Hackworth.

JEFFERSON: Poellnitz, Whitherspcon, Carter, Luther, Woolf.

NANAFALA: Barron, Dial, Westbrcok, Compton, Williams, Hankins, Pritchett.

PUTNAM: The Barney family.

LASCA: J. P. Lambert built sawmill and S. G. Corley, Geo. Partin came later.

NICHOLSVILLE: Wm. Nichols founded sawmill.

HOBOKEN: R. H. Hudson, Pope, Pruitt, Dixon, Nicholas, Smith.

SWEETWATER: Bates, Johnson, Chambers, Nichols 1868: Elwcod Quinnes McMillan, McClure, G. W. Rentz Wm. Rentz (m. Sallie Etheredge she later m. Lokec Limbrell) Kimbrell, Privett Morrison Etheredge, Rogers.

AIMWELL: Mayton, Rogers, Singleton, Braswell, Flowers, Morgan, Grantham, Vice, Corley.

DIXON MILLS: Dixon, Dunning, Drinkard, Jeff Lewis, Robinson, Mobley, McGraw, Allen, T. P. Beverly.

CLAYHILL: Settled before 1843: Drinkard, Hasty, Dumas, Easterland, Evans, Fenney, Fountain, Gildersleeve, Hawkins, Hendrix, Hudson, Jordon, Kirven, Lockett, Macon, McClure, McFarland, Morrisett, Pugh, Reed, Sims, Thompson, Wade, Walker, Woodard.

LISENBE, Holden S., b. Oct. 14, 1814, Anson Co., N.C. d. May 7, 1908 came to Ala. from N.C 1858 to Magnolia m. Rebecca Threadgill, dau. Randall. Children: Fletcher Matilda Scott James Elizabeth Marrah Green. Married again, to Margaret Henley, dau. of John. Their children: Hollen, Ruth, John, Slade, Howard, and two who died, Marvin, Arna, Elmore, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, b, Montgomery, Ala. July 22, 1861 d. June 7, 1943 in Demopclis son of Major Albert Elmore (Albert S.), b. June 12, 1827, d. June 11, 1909 (son of John A., b. Aug. 21, 1762, from Va., and d. Apr. 24, 1834, Elmore Co., Ala.) Albert's wife was Mary Jean Taylor Benjamin educated in Canada law degree University of Alabama 1882 admitted to bar, practiced until 1890 held various offices was a Mason Methodist married Jan. 3, 1894, Eliza B. Willett, dau. of Elbert D. and Candance Bostick. Children: Willet graduated from U.S. Naval Academy Benjamin (d. 1889), and Elizabeth B. Woolf, Samuel G., Judge b. May 20, 1853 in Linden practiced law in 1881 held state offices Mason Baptist m. Jan. 8, 1879 Jennie Pickering m. again Aug. 26, Sadie Lyon.

ELMORE, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, b. Montgomery, Ala. July 22, 1861 d. June 7, 1943 in Demopolis, son of Major Albert Elmore(Albert S.), b. June 12, 1827, d. June 11, 1909 (son of John A., b. Aug. 21, 1762, from Va., and d. Apr. 24, 1834, Elmore Co., Ala.) Albert's wife was Mary Jean Taylor Benjamin educated in Canada law degree University of Alabama 1882 admitted to bar, practiced until 1890 held various offices was a Mason Methodist married Jan. 3, 1894, Eliza B. Willett, dau. of Elbert D. and Candance Bostick. Children: Willet - graduated from U.S. Naval Academy Benjamin (d. 1889), and Elizabeth B.

WOOLF, Samuel G., Judge - b. May 20, 1853 in Linden practiced law in 1881 held state offices Mason Baptist m. Jan. 8, 1879 Jennie Pickering m. again Aug. 26, Sadie Lyon.

DUNNING, Thomas H., b. Aug. 17, 1825, d. Nov. 16, 1894, son of Thomas, one of Marengo's first settlers m. Sarah Sample, dau. James. Children: Geo. W, in C.W. Com. E. Bull Hatch 8th Cal Reg. James Polk, in C.W., m. Martha Glass of Linden Robt. b. Apr. 29, 1822, d. Apr. 21, 1922, m. twice. Robert Bell m. Anna Shinner (dau. of T. H. of Shiloh), moved to Texas b. abt.1840. Children continued: Robert's children: George, Norman, Mrs. T. B. Harrison, Elmer, Otha, Dossey, Lee S. Dunning m. Willie0. Jackson, dau. of S. P. & Martha Jones he m. her sister after her death, Rebecca Jackson. Children: Ann who m. James A. Day. Jane Cunning m. Richard Tucker Alice Dunning m. Jesse B. Doyle and Lydia Dunning m. John Griffin. (8 children in all named)Also 9th, John Alexander Dunning, b. Dec. 16, 1961 d. Dec. 29, 1943 m. May 12, 1882, Sallie Tucker, dau. of S.P. of Shiloh, b. May 26, 1866, and d. Aug. 2, 1930. Their children were: Guy, b. Sept. 27, 1884 and d. Aug. 14, 1927 Uldean b. Feb. 14, 1893, m. J. B. Pittman and had children John Perks who died day he was born, Sept. 5, 1902 and John Alexander.

ANDERSON, John C. (doctor) wife Elizabeth natives of Spartanburg Dist., S.C. came to Ala, to Greene Co. in 1839 his father was James M. Anderson who came to America from Scotland to S.C. Children were: John Crawford, b. Aug. 5, 1863, law degree from U. of Ala., practiced in Linden 1886-95 1895, etc., held public offices by appointment.

BAPTIST, Edward, b. Mecklenburg Co., Va. May 12, 1820 d. Mar. 31, 1863, in Faunsdale & Dayton came to Marengo 1835 m. and had children, but all dead in 1944, in the Marengo area.

LITTLE, Monroe, Baptist, Mason children: Howard F. Little, Jesse, bro., fr. Aimwell. Little, John Buckner, b. Oct. 10, 1861, Greenville, Ala. wrote an unpublished History of Marengo County.

BERKLEY, Robert, t. Nov. 12, 1753, in Ireland moved to S.C. with father in 1769 and died July 26, 1868, Rev. War Soldier went to Tenn. in 1802 and 1816 came to Marengo where he died was one of the first pioneers who crossed Tenn. River into Aia, Baptist had one son and one daughter.

CALHOUN, Andrew P., b. Oct. 15, 1812, Abbeville Dist., S.C. d. Mar. 16, 1865, at "Ft. Hill", his plantation in S.C. came to Marengo with his family and slaves in 1835 and acquired large plantation built log cabin "Tulip Hill" built school sold land and returned to S.C. 1855 buried where he died married May 5, 1836, Margaret Gren, of Ky. Children: John C, Linnie A., Andrew, James, Patrick, Margaret, Lucretia.

CHAULDRON, Julius D., fled St. Domingo insurrection and was one of chief originators of Vine and Olive Colony author of distinction some of family still live in Ala. and other southern states.

CROCHERON, Henry N., planter b. Oct. 6, 1813, Richmond, Richmond Co., Staten Is., d. Aug. 12, 1846, McKinley, Ala. son of Richard and Ann Perines, who lived in Richmond. He was surrogate of Richmond Co. Her father was Edward and mother was Addra Grison Henry was cousin of John J. Cocheron, who owned plantation at Elm Bluff on Ala. River and never married was in C.W., and his ancestors, maternal and paternal were French he came to America in 1836 Henry was Democrat-Episcopalian married Jan. 4, 1838 in McKinley, Lucretia King, dau. of Henry and Nancy Wellborn of McKinley.

WOOLF, Ashley, b. Apr. 24, 1826, on father's plantation nr. Bowling Green, Ky. d. Oct. 23, 1879 m. Miss Cook first moved to Port Gibson in Miss. Territory lived there a few years in 1819 moved to Dayton for 20 years married Frances Gholson Baptist Democrat Mason.

WOOLF, Henry Watthall, b. Mar. 6, 1856 d. Apr. 17, 1944 son of Thomas Jefferson Woolf who was Probate Judge of Marengo Co., James Brandon Woolf he defeated Montcalm at Battle of Quebec in 1759. James and wife Levicey Cook pioneered from Jatchdz, Miss, to Dayton 1818 Thomas m. Lucy Ann Walthall of Petersburg, Va. in 1841 Henry was their youngest son he left Marengo at age 16 and went to work for southern railroads became vice-pres. and manager of Andrews Bay and Atlanta R.R. in 1815 later returned to Atlanta where he died.

BEESON, W. B., m. Mary Sibert children: Wesley b. Mar. 31, 1866, became well-known educator and was president of several colleges in Demopolis his wife died then he married Rosa Foster of McKinley in 1896 moved to Meridian, Miss. designed first potato dryhouse moved to Atlanta pioneered in student assistance plans to help them get educations Children: Ralph and Dwight.

STARTLING HILL:
ALLEN, Horatio G.,
b. Newbury, Mass., Jan. 5, 1792 d. Aug. 24, 1862, Dixcn Mills. He and brother William came from N.Y. to Cahaba, Ala., and established publishing office in 1822 moved to Marengo.

ALLEN, Wm. C., early settler of Jefferson m. Julia Finch of N.C. Children: Mrs. C. B. Bailey, Mrs. J. M. Miller, Weldon Gray, b. Nov, 12, 1870.


OTHER MARENGO CO. SETTLERS:

STONE, Capt. Sardine Graham, Jr., b. Feb. 4, 1841 sons: Frank S., Woodie, Tom, native of Miss. lived early in Bladon Springs brothers were Woodie and Frank moved to Mobile 1841.

REMBERT, W. T., in 1887 lost family in ship accident his wife, Julia P., his children Bellie and Julia wife's children were Norman, Susie, Georgia.

LYONS, George Gaines, b. Jan. 11, 1921, Washington Co., Ala. son of James G. and Rosa Fisher, natives N.C. lawyer, held app. offices in Wash. Co. moved to Mobile 1827 and was in law and real estate there nephew of Prances Strcther Lyons and grand-nephew of George S . Gaines and General E. P. Gaines, all of whom were early settlers in Marengo Co. served in C.W. was a'Mason, Episcopalian married Apr. 1850, Annie G. Glover, dau. of Allen and Mary A. Diven of Marengo, (cont'd.)

Children: James G., Allen G., Norman Rosa and Susie drowned Geo. G., Jr., b. Apr. 5, 1860, m. Rebecca R. Ulner, and was a doctor in Mobile. Other children of Geo. and Annie were Mary G. and Annie G.

STROTHER, Francis, b. Feb. 25, 1800, Stokes Co., N.C. d. Dec. 31, 1882, Damopolis, son of James and Behetholand Gaines attended N.C. schools in 1817 came with bro. James G,, to live with uncle Geo. S. Gaines, agent of U.S. for Indians on Tombigbee River admitted to Bar 1821 practice in Demopolis held many apptd. and elect, offices Episcopalian m. Mar. 4, 1824, Sarah Serena Glover, dau. of Allen and Sarah Norwood Child: Mary Amanda m. Wm. H. Roo of Mobile and a major in C.W. Sarah m. Oliver H. Prince who was a lawyer and killed in 43rd Ala. Infantry at Chickamauga, Sep. 20, 1863 Helen G. m. Gen. Zachary C. Deas who was a general in C.W. She died Mar. 6, 1882, N.Y. Amelia Eugenia Frank d. Mar. 13, 1893 and served in C.W., married to Sarah Henley dau. of John H. Ida m. Dr. Wm. M. Polk.

DEMOPOLIS - other settlers: Gen. Gaines, Whitfield, Winn, Lipscomb, Clarke, Strother, Francis S. Lyon, Annie G. Lyon, Webb.

MARENGO: Other settlers: Capt. John C. Webb, Wm. E. Clarke.
1821: John Spinks, Bowen Bennett, Allen Glover, Nathaniel Norwood, Wm. Irons.

GAINES, George Washington, lived in Dempolis 1835 planter d. 1863, Child: Dr. W, P. Gaines.

GAINES, George Strother, pioneer settler b. Stokes Co., N.C. 1774 d. Dec. 1872 at state line, Miss. in 1794 came with parents to Sullivan Co., Term. lived there until 1805 1816 moved to Gainesville, Sumter Co., Ala, in 1822 a Dempolis merchant, state senator 1825, 1827 children: Frank Y. Gaines b. 1825 in Dempolis d, Jan. 26, 1873 at Tuscahoma Landing, Choctaw Co., Ala. never married in C.W., 3rd Ala. Cal. The name Gaines was originally Gan, and from Wales spelled Ganes there.

MONNIER, Henry Augustus, b. Oct. 3, 1841, Orbe, Switzerland, son of Paul and Jane came to America to Demopolis d. 1848 served in Co. A, 43rd Ala. Inf., C.W. 1865 til death was chief of Police of Demopolis Mason Odd Fellow WofW Episcopalian m. Oct. 25, 1877 Laura Irene McClelland , dau. John and Ameline. Children: John Edward m. Emma George Claire Amelia m. Thomas Simon Maude Omaha m. Roulhac Gewin Annie Laurie m. Donnie Ben Gilder Maryland J, James Ruth.

MOODY, Anderson E., b. Mar. 20, 1821, Chesterfield Co., Va. d. Dec. 11, 1874 in Linden, Ala. son of Carter and Sarah Pandey, natives of Va., grandson of Lewis and a Miss Gatewood and Stephen Pankey, natives of Va. Pankeys are of French ancestry. Col. David Pankey, father of Stephen was Rev. War soldier lawyer in Marengo later moved to Mobile Methodist Mason married May 16, 1853 in Va. to Willie Ann Owen, dau. of James and Mary Allen Mary's father was a planter her grandfather was an English peer and married to Mile. Latene, a French Huguenot. Anderson has only one child, Willie O,, who married James W. Stubbs of Norfolk, Va.

MOODY, Young M., b. June 23, 1822, Chesterfield Co., Va. d. Sep. 18, 1966 in N.O. at age 19 entered tobacco business with Panky and Branch 1842 came to Marengo taught school and was merchant 1856 elected circuit clerk in C.W., 11th Ala. Inf. and 43rd Ala. Inf., became a hero m. 1866 in Petersburg, Va. to Francis Annette, dau. of Col. Floyd Annette had one child, Carter L. who m. a Miss Culver of Mobile.

MILLER, Geo. Oliver, came to Greenville, Ala. from N.C merchant son of James & Mary Thornton of N.C. and of German origin and desc. of Mathews Thrussell, Scotch-Irish of Hale Co., Ala. taught school in 1840's m. Susan Trussell, Scotch-Irish of Hale Co., Ala. taught school in 1840's m. Susan Trussell went to Wilcox Co. merchant C. W. Com. I., Co. B Ala. Inf. Children: Jule m. A Miss Rogers and had: Children: W. J. Geo. who m. a Cox and held elected office Willie M. Charles b. Feb. 22, 1857Wilcox Co. who was a merchant, farmer, pres. of 1st Nat. Bank of Linden Baptist m. Maggie Elan Watts, and had children: Benj. F. and Mary Owen then married again Dec. 3, 1895, in Atlanta, Mary Caroline Thomas, dau. of Geo. W. and Placidia Wright of Chilton Co., Ala. (her father was in Civil War). Their children were: Charles, Nina Placidia, Mary Marguerite, Geo. W., Willie Minerva. James b. Wilcox Co., Ala., admitted to bar 1889 practiced in Linden editor of Marengo Co. Democrat 1892-6 elected to public offices m. Nov. 9, 1898 at Jefferson to Jennie C. Allen moved to Gadsen where they lived til their deaths had several children Dewitt Oakley of Marengo married one daughter Pruitt married one daughter W. E. Rhodes married one dau. there was another daughter also.

LISTER, J. N., b. June 6, 1840, Aberdeen, Miss., son of Jeremiah and Eliza Bush. He was from Ga. and moved to Miss., then to Ala. and later returned to Miss. Her father was John Bush who was an early settler of St. Clair Co. and Indian fighter telegrapher Mason married Joella Coats at McDowell Dec. 1865 they had 8 children.

GRIFFITH, Goodman: Griffin: doctor, planter, b. 1808, Pendleton Dist., S.C. d. Demopolis July 30, 1863, son of James, early set. of Pendleton came to Ala. to Tuscaloosa in 1830 then went to Demopolis Pres., Ala. Trustee Judson College m. Feb. 10, 1831, Wiley Ann Glover, dau. of Allen and Sarah Norwood. Children: Willey m. Waiter Winn James Francis m. Ann Strudwick and married again later Henry d. young Mary Elizabeth m. Wm, A. Gayle of Montgomery Norman Griffin Winn m. Nathalie
Whitfield.

WINN, Walter Emmett, lawyer, b. Greene Co. 1833 d. Richmond, Va., July 11, 1864 from wounds received in battle son of Capt. Asa Barney and Ann Elizabeth, 2nd wife, who came to Marengo from Va. he was grandson of John Archer Robinson of Va, all family descendants of old Va. families degree Univ. of Ala. taught at Tutwiler in Greene Springs practiced law at Uniontown until 1857 then was made 1st Lt. in Marengo Rifles in 1862 made Capt. of Army of North Virginia Episcopalian m. May 1857, Willey Glover (dau. Dr. Goodman G., a C.W. Lt. and Willey Ann Glover, child of Goodman G. and Willey Ann. Children: Goodman G., lawyer, b. Feb. 18, 1869, Demopolois grandson of Thomas R. and Sarah Ann Eaton of Dayton lawyer degree U. c Ala. 1908 practiced in Demopolis held app. offices in C.W, Episcopalian Odd Fellow WofW m. Feb. 14, 1910 and had 3 sons, one being Goodman G., Jr. Mary Annie Quinney was his wife, the daughter of Joe Scott & Julia Wilburn of Old Spring Hill.

HASTY, Robert, early Marengo settler m. 1st, wife not named, and had 3 children: William, Dink, James m. a Miss Etheridge and had Alonza L., Joe L., Samuel, Bruce, Ludie, Lige and Mathew, twins George, who was Robert's brother, set. in Marengo,

PITTS, Alexander D., b. Feb. 4, 1851, Uniontown, son of Phillip H. S Mary Margaret Davidson. Phillip was native of Lloyds, Essex Co., Va. his maternal grandfather, John Howard Davidson lived in Uniontown a cousin, Wm. D. Pitts, was planter in Uniontown Wm. Lee Pitts, planter, native of Essex Co., Va., m. Nov. 14, 1861, at Selma to Mattie Blevins was a Mason, Presbyterian, C.W, soldier, killed at Battle of Manassas.

PITTS, Alexander D., descendant of Alexander Pitts who moved from Penn, to Mecklenburg, N.C, was Major in Rev. War. The Pitts came from England to N,Y. but moved to Va. before 1700 the Pitts, Grays, Caldwells, are related. Grays came to Va. from Scotland all are well represented in Rev. War Alexander graduated Davidson College in N.C. 1868 admitted to bar 1879 in Uniontown held various county, state offices Presbyterian Mason married Feb. 24, 1886, at Eutaw, Greene Co., Juliet Merriwether. (his name is abbreviated as Alex in this write-up).

PITTS, Phillip Henry, bro. of Alexander probate judge b, Jan. 27, 1849 in Uniontown d. July 20, 1918, Selma desc. on mat. side fr. Rev. David Caldwell of N.C, whose head British offered a reward for because of his revolutionary ideas degree Davidson College, N.C. 1871 held elect. 6 app. offices in Ala., with law firm of Pitts & Pitts in Demopolis served 9th Ala. Cel., C.W. m. Sept. 17, 1872, in Lincoln Co., N.C, Amanda Hope McLean (dau. Vftrt. B. & Catherine Hope. He was a surgeon in Rev. War m. 2nd Oct. 16, 1889, in Selma, to Marie Louise Byrd, dau. of Judge Wm. L. Children: Wm. m. Eleanor Kirven Kittie Mims Maude Dicken Arthur Morrison m. Grace Lee Fitzpatrick Robert McLean lived in Stanley, Lincoln Co., N.C Janie Caldwell died In infancy Phillip Henry J. died in infancy, (since the editor adds the underscoring, we point out that Mims and Dicken could also be middle names judging from the other children's names).

COOPER, Anson W., native of Va. served C.W. came to Ala. early in life m. Arabella K. Wood children: Wm. B., b. Jan. 13, 1857 d. Dec. 2, 1919, Linden was a Mason and held elective offices in Ala.

DAVENPORT, James W., Dr., b. 1802, Ky., d. 1842, Demopolis m, there, Alethis Ann Glover, (dau. Allen Glover and Sarah),

DESNOUTTES, Charles L. (French), b, 1773 drowned 1823, coast of Ire., visit to France.

FITTS, James H., Sr. b. Mar. 12, 1796, N.C. d. July 16, 1832 came to Ala., July 16, 1816 to Washington Co. in 1821 to Clarke Co. where he made salt moved to Marengo in 1832 managed 2 plantations assasinated by an employee.

FITTS, Samuel A., b. May 15, 1815, Warren Co., N.C. d. Apr. 2, 1869 son of James H. & Rebecca Alston) brought by parents as infant to Ala. came to Clarke Co., then to Marengo. Methodist Mason m. Nov. 29, 1839, Sarah E. Alston fr. N.C, at Clarke Co., Ala. Had 11 children, two named, Edward A. & Haywood.

FITTS, Wm. F., Dr., b. Feb. 14, 1829, Clarke Co., Ala. came to Marengo 1852 practiced medicine until 1862 joined Cal. Co. G,51st Ala., C.W., killed Dec. 27, 1862 at Stewart's Creek, Tenn., buried there, body later moved to Tuscaloosa 1862.

GLOVER, Allen, b. Apr. 6, 1770, Edgefield Dist., S.C, d. Sept, 1840 son of Col. Joseph Glover, S.C. R.S. who commanded 1st reg. of State 1775 and died Aug. 6, 1783.

HARGROVE, Wm. - Rev. Sol. early set. in 1818 b. abt. 1757


Marengo AK-194 - History

County History

Source: Alabama As It Is by Benjamin Franklin Riley, D. D., 1887 , Transcribed by C. Anthony

The county of Marengo was established in 1818, and in compliment to the French settlers, who first occupied it, was named in commemoration of Napoleon's great victory. Some of the most charming farm lands of this latitude lie within the territory of this highly favored county. Over its broad surface are found many of the typical Southern plantations. It lies largely within the famous canebrake region. In striking contrast are the vast cotton plantations here found, with the small and neatly cultivated farms of the North and East. Stretching away to illimitable distances are these broad plains of snowy cotton, decked here and there with an old-time mansion and comely houses for the laborers.

Marengo is just now rallying from the severe shock sustained by the emancipation of the slaves and the consequent demoralization of labor. Her fertile plantations are now being gradually reclaimed, and are rapidly assuming their wonted glory.

The county has an area of 960 square miles.

Population in 1870, 26,151 population in 1880, 30,890 white, 7,276 colored, 23,617.

Tilled Land&mdash169,097 acres. Area planted in cotton, 80,790 acres in corn, 43,876 acres in oats, 6,574 acres in sugarcane, 43 acres in tobacco, 43 acres in rice, 26 acres in sweet potatoes, 1,138 acres.

Cotton Production&mdash23,481 bales.

The northern portion of Marengo county is level, or slightly undulating. The soils vary, being partly stiff prairie and partly light sandy loam. There is prevailing, in some parts of this section, a postoak soil, which is heavy sandy clay of reddish and yellowish colors.

The county is diversified throughout with hills, plains, and tile valleys. The great stretches of prairie are broken here and there by a line of hills, which overlook vast regions of country or gaze down upon rich valleys. The several soils are black prairie, which belong to the plains the mulatto soils, which belong to the higher tablelands, and the gray hammock. As is true throughout the counties of the Black Belt, the most valuable ot these soils is the black prairie, but all are valuable under different circumstances. Over these lime lands grows the mellilotus, or honey weed, an excellent forage herb, of which stock of all kinds are exceedingly fond. Oftentimes it grows to the height of six feet and overspreads the bare lime rock. Raisers of stock prize it quite highly for its nutritious qualities.

The canebrake lands of Marengo are found in the northern end of the county and extend southward about ten or fifteen miles. These lands have long been proverbial for their marvelous productive qualities.

From about the center southward, the lands become thinner with a sandy surface. About the center of the county occur the ''flatwoods," which extend with varying width across the county from east to west. The average width is five or six miles. This region of flatwoods is slightly undulating, and because of the waxiness of the soil, is not sought by the planter. Upon analysis, the soils of this peculiar section are found to be deficient in lime, though in some portions of it cotton grows remarkably well. Early in the spring the wild clover, lespedeza, begins to show itself in this flatwoods country, and attains to the height of two or three feet. A finer grazing region was never seen than this flatwoods section, which sweeps without interruption from the Tombigbee to the Alabama River. This wild clover is eagerly sought by all kinds of stock, and lasts from March or April until the coldest periods of winter. Where streams flow across the flatwoods they are thickly bordered with luxuriant swamp cane.

Lower down still are the famous Rembert hills, the favorite resort of the planters of the past as a region in which to establish their homes. These high hills overlook the rich valleys which lie along Beaver Creek. Along the last-named stream are outcroppings of marl beds, which lend additional richness to the soils. All these lands&mdashthe black prairie and the brown loam on the uplands, as well as the light gray&mdashare valuable and productive. The crops usually produced are corn, cotton, peas, sweet and Irish potatoes, millet, oats and sugar-cane. Corn and cotton thrive about equally well upon the different lands.

Some of the lands lying in the bottoms have been in cultivation fifty years or more, and yet they are seemingly as exhaustless in fertility now as ever.

That there are fine phosphate beds in Marengo there is no doubt. Attention has-been called only to the evidence of these deposits. It is conspicuous in the neighborhood of Luther's Store, and prevails across the country in the direction of Black's Bluff, on the Alabama River. Green sand is seen in some considerable abundance in several places, most notably where the Linden and Nanafalia road crosses Double creek. Also on the Tombigbce between the mouth of Beaver Creek and Nanafalia green sand is found. A surer evidence of the fertility of these Marengo lands could not be had.

The timbers of the county are the several varieties of oak, hickory, poplar, scalybark, ash, hackberry, cedar, sweet gum, red, white, and slippery elm, cottonwood, buckeye, persimmon, and dogwood. In the southern end of the county there are domains of yellow or long-leaf pine in its virgin plentitude. It is superior in every respect. Along the streams are dense brakes of cane, and in the swamps large districts of palmetto.

Transportation is afforded by the Tombigbee River, which forms its western border, and the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad.

Steps are being taken to construct dummy lines in different portions of the county. One is in contemplation in the near future between Faunsdale and Linden. All the interior towns and villages have telephonic connection with the Western Union Telegraph Company, either at Faunsdale or Demopolis.

Its chief streams are the Tombigbee and Warrior Rivers, the Chicasaw Bogue, Dickson's, Double, Beaver, Horse, Turkey, Duck, and Bear Creeks.

Linden, the county-seat, Demopolis, Faunsdale, Dayton, McKinley, Nanafalia, Jefferson, and Spring Hill are the points of interest. These have excellent educational and religious advantages.

The point of greatest interest in the county is Demopolis, a town of 2,000 inhabitants, located upon a high bluff of the Tombigbee River. Its commercial advantages are superior by reason of its proximity to fertile sections of the several counties, viz: Green Hale and Sumter.

Its transportation advantages are superior, being at the junction of the Tombigbee River with the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad. In the surrounding region prevails the finest limestone and in vast abundance. The town supports good schools, churches, and hotels. It has a female institution of merit. Its mineral well, the volume of which is immense, is one of the best in the South, and readily supplies every portion of the town with superior water. Demopolis is an excellent cotton market. It sustains a large cotton-seed oil mill.

Eager to have their lands occupied, the owners offer rare inducements to immigrants. The best lands may be had from $8to $20 per acre. Lands less fertile sell for much less.

There are 2,400 acres of government land in the county awaiting occupation.

Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney

Population: White 7,276: colored 23,617. Area 960 square miles. Woodland, all. Prairie oak and hickory uplands, with long-leaf pine and post-oak flat wood.

Acres in cotton 80,790: in corn 43,876 in oats 6,574 in sugar-cane 43 in tobacco 43 in rice 26 in sweet potatoes 1,138. Approximate number of bales of cotton, 24,000.

County Seat - Linden population, 300 52 miles southwest of Selma.

Newspaper published at County Seat - Reporter (Democratic.)

Post offices in the County - Clay Hill, Dayton, Demopolis, Dixon's Mills, Faunsdale, Gay's Landing, Hampden. Hoboken, Jefferson, Linden, Luther's Store, McKinley, Magnolia, Moss, Myrtlewood, Nanafalia, Nicholsville, Nixonville, Octago, Old Spring Hill, Putman, Rembert, Shiloh, Sweet Water, Tombigbee, Van Dorn, Williamsburgh.

This historic county was settled by French immigrants after the fall of Napoleon L, and was organized as a county in the year 1818. It is one of the largest counties of Alabama, containing 960 square miles, or about 615,000 acres. Its soil, for the most part, is fertile, and the uplands offer as great advantages to the agriculturist as can be found in the world, combining, as they do, healthfulness with great productiveness. It has a population of about 30,000, three-fourths of whom are blacks.

The white population is made up largely of immigrants from the older States, and their descendants, chiefly from the States of Virginia and South Carolina. Throughout its length and breadth the county possesses intelligent, substantial citizens, far above the average of agricultural communities. Prior to the war between the States the people of the upper portion of the county were noted for their wealth, culture and hospitality, and, although impoverished by the war, they yet retain the characteristics of ante-bellum days.

The northern portion of Marengo County is level, or slightly undulating. The soils vary, being partly stiff prairie and partly light, sandy loams. There is prevailing in some parts of this section a post-oak soil, which is heavy, sandy clay, of reddish and yellowish colors.

The county is diversified throughout with hills, plains and fertile valleys. The great stretches of prairie arc broken here and there by a line of hills, which overlook vast regions of country or gaze down upon rich valleys. The several soils are black prairie, which belong to the plains the mulatto soils, which belong to the higher tablelands, and the gray hummock. As is true through-out the counties of the Black Pelt, the most valuable of these soils is the black prairie, but all are valuable under different circumstances. Over these limelands grows the mellilotus, or honey-weed, an excellent forage herb, of which stock of all kinds are exceedingly fond. Oftentimes it grows to the height of six feet, and overspreads the bare lime rock. Raisers of stock prize it quite highly for its nutritious qualities.

The cane-brake lands of Marengo are found in the northern end of the county, and extend south-ward about ten or fifteen miles. These lands have long been proverbial for their marvelous productive qualities.

From about the center southwards the lands become thinner with a sandy surface. About the county occur the "flat woods," which extend with varying width across the country from east to west. The average width is five or six miles. This region of flat woods is slightly undulating, and, because of the waxiness of the soil, is sought by the planter. Upon analysis, the soils of this peculiar section are found to be deficient in lime, though in some portions of it cotton grows remarkably well. Early in the spring the wild clover (lespedaza), begins to show itself in this flat woods country, and attains to the height of two or three feet. A finer grazing region was never seen than this flat woods section, which sweeps without interruption from the Tombigbee to the Alabama River. This wild clover is eagerly sought by all kinds of stock, and lasts from March or April until the coldest periods of winter. Where streams flow across the flat woods they are thickly bordered with luxuriant swamp cane.

Lower down still are the famous Rembert hills, the favorite resort of the planters of the past as a region in which to establish their homes. These high hills overlook the rich valleys which lie along Beaver Creek. Along the last named stream are outcroppings of marl beds, which lend additional richness to the soils. All these lands - the black prairie and the brown loam on the uplands, as well as the light gray - are valuable and productive. The crops usually produced are corn, cotton, peas, sweet potatoes, millet, oats, and sugar- cane. Corn and cotton thrive about equally well upon the different lands.

WATER MILLS OF MARENGO COUNTY IN 1886

Source: Bulletin, Geological Survey of Alabama, by Truman H. Aldrich, 1886 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney

The following is a list of the water powers that are utilized. The most of these powers are small, but they make a large aggregate, and they represent only an insignificant part of the power that is capable of development.

MARENGO COUNTY H.P.
Rhodes Mill, Sweetwater, flour and grist mill 12

Source: "Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men : from 1540 to 1872" by Willis Brewer Montgomery, Ala.: Barrett & Brown, 1872 - transcribed by Kim Mohler

This county was organized by an act passed February 7, 1818, out of territory ceded by the Choctas, October 24, 1816. As originally constituted it embraced the greater portion of the present counties of Hale and Greene, extending to Five Mile creek (in Hale) on the north, and Chicasabogue creek on the south, and to the ridge dividing the waters of the Cahaba and Tombikbee but within a year or two it took its present shape, except about 85 square miles given to Hale in 1866.

It lies in the west centre of the State, south of Hale and Greene, west of Wilcox and Perry, north of Clarke, and east of Chocta and Sumter.

The name was suggested by Judge Lipscomb of Washington as a compliment to the first white settlers, who were expatriated imperialists from France, and commemorates Consul Bonaparte&rsquos victory over Marshal Melas, June 14, 1800.

The area is about 975 square miles.

The assessed value of real estate in 1870 was $2,629,903 personal property $769,273 total $3,399,176,

The population decennially is thus shown:

1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870
Whites 2052 4549 5350 7101 6761 6090
Blacks 881 3151 11904 20730 24410 20058

The cash value of farm lands &ndash 141,368 acres improved, and 227,423 acres unimproved &ndash was $2,819,711 in 1870.

The live stock &ndash 1,377 horses, 3,629 mules, 12,431, neat cattle, 1,763 sheep, and 16,531 hogs &ndash was $770,674.

In 1869 the productions were 598,938 bushels of corn, 11,538 bushels of oats, 40,424 bushels of potatoes, 164,391 pounds of butter, 23,614 bales of cotton, 2,135 pounds of wool and the value of farm productions was $3,034,675.

Marengo is, therefore the third cotton producing and fourth corn-growing county in the State. It lies in the great alluvial belt, with much level prairie land. The northern part is the canebrake region, a district extending over nearly three hundred square miles, with a cretaceous loam which, when dry, resembles artillery powder. The first white settlers found this district covered with a thick growth of cane of marvelous size, and almost devoid of other vegetation. It is one vast deposit of alluvium, of surpassing fertility. The southern portion of the county has a considerable area of light soil, intersected by very productive creek bottoms.

The commercial facilities are: the Tombikbee river, which is the western boundary line, and navigable for steamers the whole distance at nearly all seasons and the Selma and Meridian Railroad, which passes through the northern portion of the county. The projected Mobile and Grand Trunk Railroad is surveyed through the county.

The courthouse is at LINDEN, a village of 300 inhabitants, named for Moreau&rsquos victory over the Archduke John in the year 1800. The seat of justice was transferred to Demopolis in 1869 but fixed at Linden a year later.

Demopolis has 1539 inhabitants, of whom 574 are whites, and 965 are negroes. The name is from Greek words which signify the city of the people. It was settled in 1818 by the French and incorporated Dec. 11, 1821, and Allen Glover, Nathan Bolles, and John Dickson were appointed to hold the first election for municipal officers.

Dayton has 426 inhabitants, and a seminary of learning for females. Jefferson has 233 inhabitants.

The first court was directed to be holden &ldquoat or near the house of Mrs. Irby, on Chicasabogue.&rdquo

Bowen Bennett, Allen Glover, John Spinks, Nathaniel Norwood, and William Irons were appointed to select a location for the court-house in 1820.

In 1818 election precincts were established at the houses of Tandy Walker, Jesse Birdsong, and William Hopkins one at the house of Walter Chiles a year later one at the house of Isaac C. Perkins in 1820 and one at Alexander McLeod&rsquos in 1822.

The county was first settled in 1818 by a colony of French imperialists. Their devotion to the fortunes of Napoleon excited the enmity of the French government, and they sought a home in America. They arrived at Philadelphia in the winter of 1816-&rsquo17, and at once proceeded to secure from congress a tract of land where they could locate in a body. The federal government authorized the sale of four townships of land to them at two dollars and a half an acre, payable within seventeen years, upon condition that they should devote forty acres in each section to the cultivation of the vine and olive. Advised to settle near the confluence of the Tombikbee and the Tuskaloosa, they resolved to do so. They sailed from Philadelphia, and reached Mobile in May 1818 &ndash barely escaping shipwreck at the entrance of the bay. Mr. Addin Lewis, collector of the port, furnished them with a large barge, on which they proceeded up the river. Landing at White Bluff, they were advised by Mr. George S. Gaines, who resided at the Chocta factorage near old Fort Confederation, to settle in that vicinity. They accordingly laid out a town, which they called Demopolis, and gave to the heads of families lots therein, as well as farms in the vicinity. There were but few settlers in the region, and it was a vast wilderness. But the French made little progress in agriculture. The vines (the Cataba) would grow only a year or two, and the olive they did not plant. They were very industrious, but their time was frittered away on trivial things. There were several prominent men among them, and others who had been wealthy in France. These spent the greater part of their time in social pleasures, and the others were not slow to follow their example. They made no wine, but they drank all they were able to import, and carried into their humble pioneer homes all the charms and graces of their native country. Thriftlessness was their error, not idleness for the hands that had &ldquoflashed the sabre bare&rdquo at Borodino and Austerlitz were not slow to mix the mud which daubed the chinks of their log cabins and dames who had made their toilettes in the chambers of St. Cloud readily prepared the humble repast of the forest home. They were greatly annoyed in consequence of having located their improvements on other townships than those stipulated for, and unscrupulous settlers and land speculators took advantage of the fact to oust them from their first homes. It was with great difficulty and trouble that anything like an adjustment of this mistake was reached. Many of the French were greatly inconvenienced and disheartened by it. One by one the more wealthy and distinguished either returned to France, or removed to Mobile, and other cities. The descendants of others are yet in Marengo, and adjoining counties, and are among the worthiest class of citizens. It is believed that but two are now living in the State who came with the original colonists &ndash Hon. Geo. N. Stewart of Mobile and Mr. Bayal of Hale the latter being a boy of fourteen years when he came.

The most distinguished of these settlers was CHARLES LEFEBVRE-DESNOUETTES.* He was born in 1773, and was aide-de-camp to Napoleon at Marengo. For gallantry at Austerlitz he was made commandant of the legion of honor. At Zaragosa he was in command of a division, and was captured in Soult&rsquos pursuit of Sir John Moore to Corunna. He contributed largely to the victory of Bautzen, and was wounded in a brilliant charge at Brienne. He was made a count of the empire and a lieutenant general when Napoleon returned from Elba, and fought at Waterloo and Fleurus. Napoleon was much attached to him, and bequeathed him in his will 150,000 francs. He was the wealthiest of the immigrants, and expended his means lavishly here. He had a bronze statue of Napoleon in a small cabin in which were deposited a number of sabres and other trophies of many battle-fields. He was permitted to return to France, and in 1822 was drowned in the wreck of a vessel on the coast of Ireland.

NICHOLAS RAOUL, another of these settlers, commanded Napoleon&rsquos advance guard on his return from Elba. While he lived here necessity obliged him to keep a ferry on Big Prairie creek, fourteen miles from Demopolis. He afterwards went to Mexico, took part in the wars there, and was afterwards a general in France. His wife, who resided with him here, was Marchioness of Sinabaldi, and maid of honor to Queen Caroline Murat.

JOHN A. PENIERS, who resided here two or three years, was a member of the national assembly which decreed the death of Louis XVI. He was appointed an agent to the Florida Indians, and died in that State in 1823.

Marshal Grouchy, General Vandamme, Count Real, General Clausel, and General L&rsquoAllemand, were among the patrons of the colony, but none of them came to Alabama, save the last two, and they did not reside in Marengo.

JOHN RAINS was also one of the early settlers. He was a native of North Carolina, and an elder brother of Gen. Gabriel and Col. George W. Rains of the confederate army. Having read law under Judge Gaston, he practiced here. He represented Marengo in both branches of the general assembly, and died about the year 1841. His talents, culture, and popular manners would have advanced him to higher honors had not social pleasures proven too strong.

Foremost among the citizens of Marengo is FRANCIS STROTHER LYON. He was born in Stokes county, North Carolina, in the year 1800. Early in 1817 he came to St. Stephens, with his brother, James G. Lyon, who represented Washington in 1825, and who was the father of Mr. George G. Lyon, a leading member of the bar at Marengo. For a time he was a scribe in the office of the clerk of the county court, and during the time read law, first under Judge Lipscomb, and subsequently under Messrs. Wm. Crawford and Henry Hitchcock, both of whom were also on the bench at a later period. Admitted to practice in 1821, he located at Demopolis. The year following he was elected secretary of the state senate, an office he held by successive elections for eight years. He was elected to the senate from the Wilcox and Marengo district in 1833, and in 1834 from Marengo and Sumter. In &rsquo33 he was defeated for the presidency of the senate by one majority for Hon. John Erwin of Greene, but the next year was elected over Mr. E by seven majority. In 1835 he was elected to congress over Hon. R.E.B. Baylor of Dallas, and Hon. Joseph Bates of Mobile and was re-elected in 1837. When not in the public service, Mr. Lyon devoted himself assiduously to his profession, and was entirely successful in point of reputation and profit. It was in connection with its finances that Mr. Lyon rendered his most important service to the State. When the State bank and its branches were placed in liquidation in 1845, Mr. Lyon, ex-Gov. Fitzpatrick and Mr. William Cooper of Franklin, were appointed a commission to wind up their business. Gov. F declining to serve, ex-Gov. Clay was substituted, and the commissioners entered on their arduous labors. This commission made its report to the legislature of 1847, and were discharged. Mr. Lyon was then elected as sole commissioner, and continued his difficult task until he brought it to a conclusion in 1853. In 1861 he was elected to the lower house of the legislature, but resigned to serve as a member of the first confederate congress. These honors, with that of presidential elector once or twice, constitute the public record he has made, and sufficiently attest the public confidence in his fidelity and ability. His private life is a model of frugality while his charitable nature and urbane manners win the esteem of all who come in contact with him.

Mr. Lyon married a daughter of Mr. Allen Glover of Marengo, and one of his daughters married the gallant Capt. O.H. Prince of this county, who fell at Chicamauga while another is the wife of Major Wm. H. Ross of Mobile.

BENJAMIN GLOVER SHIELDS was a planter in this county for a number of years. His father, Mr. Samuel B. Shields, came to Clarke county from Abbeville, South Carolina, during its first settlement and if he was not a native of Clarke he passed his childhood there. He entered public life as a member of the legislature from this county in 1834, and was several times re-elected. In 1841 he was elected to congress on the &ldquogeneral ticket&rdquo of his party, and served a term. During the term of President Polk he was the diplomatic representative of the United States to Venezuela. A few years later he removed to Texas, and has taken an active part in politics there within the past two or three years. He was, while here, a man of handsome appearance, and captivating address. He was &ldquoan active, ardent, and well informed politician, and while he resided in this State was an earnest and influential democrat, and an effective and popular speaker.&rdquo*

Among the early settlers of Marengo was WILLIAM JEFFREYS ALSTON. He was born near Petersburg, Georgia, Dec. 31, 1800, but his parents removed to Abbeville, South Carolina, soon after, and resided there till they came to this State in 1818. Their son was a pupil of the famous Dr. Moses Waddell, and when he came to St. Stephens with his parents he taught school. He also read law there, and in 1821 began the practice at Linden. Here he entered into competition with such men as F.S. Lyon, Ezekiel Pickens, and John Rains. But he steadily arose, and served several years as judge of the county court. He first entered the lower house of the legislature in 1836 was returned the next year, and in 1839 began a three years term in the senate. In 1843 he again entered the house. He was the nominee of his party for congress, and defeated his competitor, Hon. C.C. Sellers of Wilcox. He served but one term, and in 1855 again served in the popular branch of the legislature. Since that time he has mingled little in public concerns, and has resided on his estate. Judge Alston has been distinguished through life by his urbanity, industry, public spirit, and high moral and mental attainments. He has always been respected and popular, and was never defeated for any office.

ELISHA YOUNG of this county was a native of Augusta county, Virginia, and was born in 1796. He finished his education at Princeton, New Jersey, and was then employed as a tutor in the University of North Carolina. He read law with Judge Frederick Nash at Hillsboro, and came to Alabama in 1824 or &rsquo25. Locating at Marion, he practiced his profession and represented Perry in the legislature in 1829. A little later he removed to Greene, and was chosen four times in succession to represent that county in the legislature. In 1843 he was a candidate for congress, but was beaten, his party being in a minority. Having removed to this county, he represented it in the legislature in 1847. He died here, June 24, 1852.

Mr. Young had a noble presence a countenance expressive of elevated motives and a capacity for the highest resolves of human action. He was manly, charitable, and sincere, and consequently very popular. His wife was a Miss Strudwick of North Carolina, and he left three sons, one of whom was killed in Virginia and the others are citizens of this and Greene county.

WILLIAM EDWARD CLARKE is a prominent citizen of Marengo. He was born in Chesterfield county, Virginia, in 1815. His father was a planter in good circumstances his mother was a Miss Pegram, of a well known family there. The son finished his education and law course at William and Mary, and came to this county in 1837. For many years he was a successful practitioner at Dayton, and attained to a high rank in his profession. He was the partner at different times of Messrs. W.M. Byrd, W.M. Brooks, and G.G. Lyon. In 1846 he was elected district solicitor, an office he held several years. He contested the senatorial district of Greene and Marengo in 1855, but his party was in a minority and he was beaten. In 1861 he represented Marengo in the constitutional convention and voted for the secession ordinance. From &rsquo61 to &rsquo65 he was a member of the State senate. Mr. Clarke is now a resident of Demopolis. He is tall and rather spare, with very bright eyes and fair complexion. He is one of the most companionable of gentlemen, and is a power before a jury, possessed as he is of pith, fluency, tact, and honor. His wife was Miss Raincock of Virginia, and the eldest of his several sons is his law partner.

No man was better known in this county than YOUNG MARSHALL MOODY. He was born June 23, 1822, in Chesterfield county, Virginia, where his father, Mr. Carter Moody, was at one time wealthy. The son came to Alabama in 1842, and taught school in Marengo, but subsequently became a merchant. In 1856 he was appointed clerk of the circuit court, and was elected in 1858 to the same office. In 1861 he entered the service of his country as captain in the Eleventh Alabama Infantry. He served about a year in that capacity, then returned and assisted in recruiting the Forty-third Alabama, of which he was chosen lieutenant colonel. He participated in the duties, privations, and glories of this regiment &ndash first in the Kentucky campaign, afterwards at Chicamauga, then with the Longstreet&rsquos corps in Tennessee and around Petersburg. At Drury&rsquos Bluff he was severely wounded in the ankle. On the death of Gen. Gracie, he was made brigadier general, and commanded the brigade &ndash the 41st, 43rd, 59th, and 60th Alabama regiments, and 23rd Alabama battalion &ndash for some time before the close of the struggle. He was sick and with the wagon train when it was captured the day before the surrender at Appomattox. After the war he was engaged in business in Mobile, a branch of which he was establishing in New Orleans when he died there in September 1866, of yellow fever. Gen. Moody was over six feet in stature, slender and erect. His disposition was remarkable for its placidity, and was the basis of his popularity. He was generous, liberal, and benevolent, and of strict sobriety. He was not a disciplinarian, but his men felt that he was a friend and protector. Gen. Moody&rsquos wife was a Miss Floyd of Virginia.

Washington Thompson represented the county in the convention of 1819 William E. Clarke in that of 1861, and James Taylor Jones in that of 1865.


The Reason the Earthquake Happened

Prior to the 1964 Alaskan earthquake, scientists had limited knowledge of what happens far beneath the earth.

Afterwards, geologists realized subduction zones𠅊reas where two tectonic plates (huge slabs of rock made of the earth’s crust and upper mantle) meet and one bends under the other—played a major role in creating the immense Alaskan quake.

Scientists learned that at the point where the North American Plate overrode the Pacific Plate, it descended into a subduction zone. According to the United States Geological Survey, “The 1964 earthquake was giant because of the large area of the fault that slipped during the earthquake and the large amount of slip, or relative motion, between opposite sides of the earthquake fault.”

During the earthquake, it’s estimated the fault slipped between 30 to 60 feet, an immense shift.


History

1960, SpringThe Jaycees of Marengo formed a committee to investigate the idea of the Marengo community having an emergency rescue squad. The Jaycees met with Walworth, Wisconsin and Harvard, Illinois rescue squad to gather information. From this information, the Marengo Rescue Squad was formed.

1960, JulyF.W. Means and Company donated a clean-towel truck to the Marengo Rescue Squad to serve as its first rescue vehicle the members reworked and altered this truck into the emergency rescue vehicle. This was done at the sight of Arnold Engineering. Materials and equipment for this conversion were donated by Arnold’s. The community donated money and equipment with a few examples International Associates of Machinists #1832, $200 Moose Lodge, Harvard and Woodstock, $200 and the Marengo Grange, $140. The Marengo V.F.W. purchased an E & J Resuscitator for $683 the American Legion donated monies and the use of the Legion Home for fundraisers. The Lions held $1.25 plate dinner for men’s night children sold Kool-Aid, and individual donations made up the rest.

  • Charter Members
  • Gordy accepting donation from Lions Club
  • Newspaper Announcement
  • Newspaper Story

1961, July 12First official day of emergency rescue, the members wore white coveralls and red coats and white hard hats. Ten of the charter members worked at Arnold Engineering and responded to calls during their working day.

At this time, the Marengo Rescue Squad was a member of MARS and Redi Association which was comprised of 16 emergency units throughout the county. The men were independent units under the Police Department. The emergency telephone number for the Marengo Rescue Squad was 568-8333 and was housed at Kelly Bros. Garage, Chevy/Olds Dealership at the corner of Rts. 20 & 23. The Jaycees distributed phone stickers with the emergency phone numbers of the Marengo Rescue Squad, Marengo Police Department, and Marengo Fire Department to the Marengo/Union population. Emergency calls were received and answered by the two funeral homes in Marengo, Cooper Funeral Home and Osborne Funeral Home, and dispatched from these locations. Squad members responded by siren and a conference telephone line which was a solid ring to alert the members of a call and the location of the call. Rescue vehicles and members communicated by CB radio.

1962, SeptemberThe Marengo Rescue Squad moved into the Marengo City Building at the corner of Rts. 176 & 23, in Marengo.

1965, OctoberThe Marengo Rescue Squad purchased a new rescue rig from Gertenslager and Co. of Wooster, Ohio. This rig had the capacity to carry 6 stretchers. The vehicle was 11 feet high and was tall enough to allow members to stand up inside of it. A change was made from CB radios to a 100-watt FM radio using the police frequency. A carnival was planned to help pay for the vehicle and the balance was from donations from the community. Ambulances were used from Osborne and Cooper Funeral homes.

1972Marengo Rescue Squad switched from using station wagon-type ambulances to raised van-type ambulances.

1972 was the start of the Illinois EMS (Emergency Medical Services) and EMTs (Emergency Medical Technicians). Members attended classes, at the college, for 130 hours of classroom instructions and then attended the hospital for 20 hours of emergency room time. All members had to pass the State of Illinois testing.

1975Start of the 911 system.

1976Start of EMT II (Paramedic) program. Requirements were EMT I plus 500 hours of classroom instructions and State of Illinois testing. With this program came drugs and Life Pack (cardiac monitor). In 1976, Marengo Rescue Squad had 2 ALS (Advanced Life Support) ambulances and in 1978, 1 more was added for a total of 3.

1981Life-Line State Helicopter Service Emergency Transportation was put into service and was housed at St. Anthony Hospital in Rockford.

1985Started replacing van-type ambulances with modules in comparison the 1978 van-type ambulance cost $30,000 and the 1994 modular ambulance cost $94,000 unequipped.

1987Flight For Life helicopter went into service. It was housed at the McHenry Hospital and was staffed with 1 pilot, 1 flight nurse, and 1 paramedic.

React helicopter went into service. It was housed at Rockford airport and was staffed with 1 pilot, 1 flight nurse, and 1 paramedic.

1990Bill 1297 of the State of Illinois was put to a community vote in the fall of 1990 and was passed so the Marengo Rescue Squad District could be formed and receive taxing money.

1991Marengo Rescue Squad District was formed.

1992First taxing money, in the amount of $176,000, was received in August.

1993, MarchStart of P.O.P. (Paid on Premises) program. Hours are from 6:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. with 1 EMT I and 1 EMT II being stationed at the rescue squad quarters to immediately respond to an emergency call. Until this time, no monies were received by any of the rescue squad members. When not on a call, the P.O.P.'s perform various tasks and vehicle inspections. This program relieved employees from leaving their jobs to respond to a call with the exceptions of automobile accidents (10-50’s), fire calls, back-to-back calls and multiple calls.

Marengo Rescue Squad went from white coveralls to blue. These new coveralls have reflective tape and are made of the fire retardant material.

1998The building was purchased.

1999First Mock Prom Crash

2002P.O.P. was changed to 5:00 am to 10:00 pm. P.O.C. (paid on call) 10:00 pm to 5:00 am. Outside P.O.P’s fill open shifts when needed.

May 2007The Marengo Rescue Squad District Board of Trustees hired the District’s first full time Chief. They also approved the hiring of a Deputy Chief, Captain, and (2) Lieutenants. These officers’s worked shifts of 24 hours on and 48 hours off.

2008MRSD applied for and received an AFG grant from FEMA for $146,509 for Personal Protection Gear, (4) 12 lead EKG monitors, and a station Vehicle Exhaust Removal System.

A “Jump Company” was formed with Marengo Fire Protection District utilizing employees from both districts. Employees that are crossed trained can “jump” from Rescue to Fire and from Fire to Rescue if needed to assist on Rescue or Fire calls. This enables each department to have better coverage for all emergencies.

To better serve our community, 24 hour shift personnel were hired. Shifts are the standard Red, Gold and Black working 24 hours on and 48 hours off. The remainder of the openings is covered by POP personnel.

2012Marengo Rescue Squad District and Marengo Fire Protection District jointly purchased 13 acres on Coral Road, Marengo, for a future station.

Pertinent Information

The Marengo Rescue Squad was established and in service on July 12, 1961.

The Charter Members of the Marengo Rescue Squad were:

Noel Lambert Bill Shielbergen

Denzel Thompson Ronald Davis

Maynard St. Clair Joseph Havens

The Marengo Rescue Squad District is approximately 144 square miles, covering the Marengo and Union Fire Department Protection Districts.


یواس‌اس مارنگو (ای‌کی-۱۹۴)

یواس‌اس مارنگو (ای‌کی-۱۹۴) (به انگلیسی: USS Marengo (AK-194) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن 388' 8" بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۴ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس مارنگو (ای‌کی-۱۹۴)
پیشینه
مالک
آب‌اندازی: ۴ ژوئیه ۱۹۴۴
آغاز کار: ۴ دسامبر ۱۹۴۴
مشخصات اصلی
گنجایش: 2,382 tons
درازا: 388' 8"
پهنا: 50'
آبخور: 21' 1"
سرعت: 11.5 knots

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