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Temptation of Jesus

Temptation of Jesus


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What was the meaning and purpose of Jesus’ temptations?

The three temptations by Satan in the wilderness were not the only temptations our Lord ever suffered on Earth. We read in Luke 4:2 that He was tempted by the devil for forty days, but He was undoubtedly tempted at other times (Luke 4:13 Matthew 16:21&ndash23 Luke 22:42), and yet in all this He was without sin or compromise. Although some have suggested that the Lord’s period of fasting compares with that of both Moses (Exodus 34:28) and Elijah (1 Kings 19:8), the main point is how the Lord deals with temptation in the light of His humanity.

It is because He is human, and made like us in every way, that He could do three vital things: 1) destroy the devil’s power and free those who were held in slavery by their fear of death (Hebrews 2:15) 2) become a merciful and faithful High Priest in service to God and atone for our sins (Hebrews 2:17) and 3) be the One who is able to sympathize with us in all our weaknesses and infirmities (Hebrews 4:15). Our Lord’s human nature enables Him to sympathize with our own weaknesses, because He was subjected to weakness, too. More importantly, we have a High Priest who is able to intercede on our behalf and provide the grace of forgiveness.

Temptation is never as great as when one has made a public declaration of faith as did our Lord when He was baptized in the Jordan (Matthew 3:13&ndash17). However, we also note that, during this time of exhaustive testing, our Lord was also ministered to by angels, a mystery indeed that the omnipotent One should condescend to receive such help from lesser beings! Here is a beautiful description of the ministry that His people also benefit from. During times of testing and trial, we too are aided by angels who are ministering spirits sent to those who will inherit salvation (Hebrews 1:14).

Jesus’ temptations follow three patterns that are common to all men. The first temptation concerns the lust of the flesh (Matthew 4:3&ndash4). Our Lord is hungry, and the devil tempts Him to convert stones into bread, but He replies with Scripture, quoting Deuteronomy 8:3. The second temptation concerns the pride of life (Matthew 4:5&ndash7), and here the devil uses a verse of Scripture (Psalm 91:11&ndash12), but the Lord replies again with Scripture to the contrary (Deuteronomy 6:16), stating that it is wrong for Him to abuse His own powers. The third temptation concerns the lust of the eyes (Matthew 4:8&ndash10), and if any quick route to the Messiahship could be attained, bypassing the passion and crucifixion for which He had originally come, this was the way. The devil already had control over the kingdoms of the world (Ephesians 2:2) but was now ready to give everything to Christ in return for His allegiance. But the mere thought almost causes the Lord’s divine nature to shudder at such a concept and He replies sharply, “You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only” (Deuteronomy 6:13).

There are many temptations that we sadly fall into because our flesh is naturally weak, but we have a God who will not let us be tempted beyond what we can bear He will provide a way out (1 Corinthians 10:13). We can therefore be victorious and then will thank the Lord for deliverance from temptation. Jesus’ experience in the desert helps us to see these common temptations that keep us from serving God effectively. Furthermore, we learn from Jesus’ response to the temptations exactly how we are to respond—with Scripture. The forces of evil come to us with a myriad of temptations, but all have the same three things at their core: lust of the eyes, lust of the flesh, and the pride of life. We can only recognize and combat these temptations by saturating our hearts and minds with the Truth. The armor of a Christian solider in the spiritual battle of life includes only one offensive weapon, the sword of the Spirit which is the Word of God (Ephesians 6:17). Knowing the Bible intimately will put the Sword in our hands and enable us to be victorious over temptations.


What does it mean to flee from temptation?

Fleeing from temptation means we recognize it as an enemy and we go the other way, with no hesitation and no compromise. First Corinthians 6:18 says, “Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a person commits are outside the body, but whoever sins sexually, sins against their own body.” While the temptation is not sin, sexual immorality begins with the temptation to engage in sexual activity outside of God’s boundaries. When we don’t flee from that temptation, action soon follows.

The best and most literal biblical example of someone fleeing temptation is found in Genesis 39 when young Joseph, Jacob’s son, was targeted by his master’s wife for an adulterous affair. She tempted him day after day, but Joseph held firm to his convictions and rebuffed her advances. Not only did he refuse to go to bed with her, but he wisely refused to “even be with her” (Genesis 39:10). But one day when no one else was in the house, she caught Joseph and pulled him to her, trying to seduce him: “She caught him by his cloak and said, ‘Come to bed with me!’ But he left his cloak in her hand and ran out of the house” (verse 12). That is an excellent example of fleeing from temptation. Joseph did not stand around to argue or give himself time to reconsider. He fled.

We naturally flee from danger. When the building we are in catches fire, we flee to a safer place. When a hurricane is about to make landfall, we flee the coast. Unfortunately, when many people see temptation coming, they do not flee. Rather than flee temptation, they dabble in it, deflect it, postpone it, or analyze it some embrace it. Could this be because most people do not recognize the danger inherent in temptation? We seem to be more concerned with physical dangers that threaten the body than we are with spiritual dangers that threaten the soul.

Romans 13:14 says, “Put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.” Making provision for the flesh is the opposite of fleeing temptation. We make provision for our flesh when we accommodate the things that lead to sin and actually make preparations for sinning. Those who make provision for the flesh are like an over-indulgent parent who winks at his child’s misbehavior and gratifies his every whim. When we allow ourselves to remain in tempting situations instead of fleeing them, we are foolishly placing confidence in the flesh. We believe the lie that our sinful flesh will somehow find the strength to resist at the last moment. Then we are shocked and ashamed when, instead of resisting, we give in.

God provides strength and courage to any of His children who will live surrendered to His will (2 Thessalonians 2:16&ndash17 Hebrews 12:10&ndash12). “The name of the LORD is a fortified tower the righteous run to it and are safe” (Proverbs 18:10). We are commanded throughout Scripture to stand firm and resist the devil’s schemes (Ephesians 6:10&ndash18 James 4:7 1 Peter 5:9). Satan’s traps are many and varied and usually begin with a tempting thought or situation. One way we resist the devil is to flee at the first hint of temptation.

As we flee from temptation, we naturally flee toward something else, and Paul tells us what that should be: “Flee the evil desires of youth and pursue righteousness, faith, love and peace, along with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart” (2 Timothy 2:22). Wisdom recognizes the danger in temptation and bids us flee from it. “The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and pay the penalty” (Proverbs 22:3).


What were Jesus' desert temptations and what can we learn from them?

In Matthew 4:1-11, Mark 1:12-13, and Luke 4:1-13, the Gospels record Jesus being tempted by Satan in the desert wilderness following a period of 40 days of fasting, specifically from food. While Jesus was tempted at other times throughout His lifetime on earth, this period of time emphasized how Jesus responded to temptation, both as an example to others as well as to reveal His ability to wrestle with temptation and to overcome it.

Matthew and Luke record the first temptation as one involving food. After fasting for 40 days, Jesus was clearly hungry. Satan chose to tempt Jesus by telling Him to turn stones into bread. Jesus responded by quoting from Deuteronomy, "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God" (Matthew 4:4).

Matthew then records that the devil took Jesus to the top of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem and told Him to jump off (Luke places this temptation third.). Satan quoted the Old Testament passage that stated, "On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone" (Matthew 4:6). The idea was that Jesus would miraculously be rescued in public, revealing His great power to those watching. Jesus quoted again from Deuteronomy, saying, "You shall not put the Lord your God to the test" (Matthew 4:7). He knew that this would be a misuse of power and in direct violation of the mission God the Father had given Him.

In the third temptation, "The devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory" (Matthew 4:8). The devil then said he would give Jesus authority over all of these kingdoms if Jesus would worship him. Jesus refused, telling the devil to "Be gone" (Matthew 4:10) again quoting Deuteronomy a third time, saying, "You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve." The devil then left Him and angels served Him (Matthew 4:11).

Many observations can be made about the meaning and purpose of Jesus' temptations in these passages. First, Jesus revealed His full humanity. He was hungry and wrestled with temptation. He expressed feelings, thoughts, and words as humans typically do in tense situations.

Second, Jesus revealed His deity. His ability to resist temptation was clearly displayed as superior to other humans. He had strong knowledge of God's Word and even had the power to tell Satan to "Be gone." Jesus was tempted, yet remained sinless, proving Himself divine.

Third, Jesus offered an example of dealing with temptation. During His struggles, He quoted God's Word, recognized the enemy's tricks, and emphasized worshiping God.

These temptations offer a close look at both the humanity and deity of Jesus. However, they also reveal important truth concerning how we can respond to temptations today, relying upon God and His Word in order to stand firm against the attacks of Satan.


6. The Temptation Of Jesus (Matthew 4:1-11)

So far in our developing a method for studying the Bible we have noted that while the narratives themselves give us the basic reports of the events, what we call the story lines, the quotations in the story reveal to us what is actually going on and why. So we focus on the quotations a good deal. Now in the account of the temptation of Jesus that is going to be true as well. With the quotations we know what kinds of temptations the devil brought to Jesus, and how Jesus overcame them.

We have also seen that the narratives are filled with citations from and allusions to the Old Testament. This should come as no surprise, for our Old Testament was their Bible. And they knew it well--they were people of the book. It would be hard to interpret these events without the understanding of Scripture. So we learn that even though we are in the New Testament, we have to spend a good deal of time searching the Old Testament to get the full understanding and background.

It is also true that there are frequently parallel experiences to be compared (such as the killing of the children by Herod and the killing of children in the Babylonian invasion according to the record of Jeremiah). Sometimes the parallel events do not at the outset seem that unique (a birth in Bethlehem--there had been lots of births in Bethlehem). But on closer study there are some significant comparisons (it was the birth of the king).

And so now in Matthew 4 we will find that the subject matter is temptation. Well, there are zillions of temptations--everyone is tempted to sin, almost daily, if not hourly. But, there is something different going on here. Here Jesus, at the outset of His ministry, is confronted by the devil with all his power, and He does not sin. Biblical writers from the outset have seen the parallel between this temptation and the very first, the temptation of Adam and Eve. The Bible, in fact, will refer to Jesus as the second Adam, the head of a new “race” of people born into the family of God. As we shall see later in Matthew, with the agony in the Garden, the crown of thorns, the sweat, the nailing to a tree or cross, all the motifs in the record of Genesis 2 and 3 find a corresponding solution at Calvary. Likewise, the temptation.

And so we can think for a few moments about parallels and contrasts between the two great temptations, the first which plunged the human race into sin, and the second which began the way back with victory over Satan. Perhaps the most celebrated “study” of these two events are the works of John Milton, “Paradise Lost” and “Paradise Regained.” It is at the temptation of Jesus that Satan realized that he could not ruin Jesus as he had the parents of the race, and therefore that he could not stop God’s plan of redemption.

You might want to make a list of comparisons and contrasts to think this through further. In Genesis Adam and Eve were in a lush garden with all the food that they could eat in Matthew Jesus is in a wilderness where he has been fasting for forty days. In Genesis the temptation was to eat and in the wilderness the temptations of Jesus began with eating. In Genesis the temptation was to be like God by disobeying God in Matthew the appeal to Jesus was to be the king, but without obeying God. In Genesis Adam and Eve sinned because they did not know precisely what God had said, not as well as Satan did in Matthew, Jesus was victorious because He knew Scripture better than Satan. In Genesis, after the pair sinned, angels barred them from the tree of life in Matthew, after Jesus drove the devil away, angels came and ministered to Him.

So with this history in mind, we can look now into this little passage in some detail. Mark 1:12,13 mentions the temptation, but does not include the details. Luke 4:1-13 provides a parallel account to what Matthew has. This raises an incidental question: how did these writers know about the event? The simplest answer is that Jesus told His disciples, and that report found its way to Paul and therefore Luke. The only significant difference is that in Luke the second temptation is concerning the kingdoms of the world, and the third is the temptation to jump from the pinnacle of the temple. Putting things in a slightly different order is a frequent characteristic of the different gospels, whether parts of an event or a teaching, or major events. The different gospel writers are writing for different audiences and are arranging the materials for their individual purposes. It does not make a major difference in the interpretation of the passage if one of them comes before another. Matthew’s is probably the original, and Luke seems to have reordered it with the Gentile world in mind (although you will find a lot of scholarship that spends a lot of time deciding who was first). We can appreciate why Luke would have the emphasis on the kingdoms of the world being Satan’s to give coming before the temptation in the temple of Jerusalem.

Reading the Text

Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil. 2 After fasting for forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.

3 The tempter came to Him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.” 4 Jesus answered, “It is written: &lsquoMan shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”

5 Then the devil took Him to the holy city and had Him stand on the highest point of the temple. 6 ”If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written:

&lsquoHe will commend His angels concerning you
and they shall lift you up in their hands,
So that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’”

7 Jesus answered him, “It is also written: &lsquoDo not put the Lord your God to the test.’”

8 Again, the devil took Him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor. 9 ”All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.” 10 Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written, &lsquoWorship the Lord your God and serve him only.’”

11 Then the devil left him, and angels came and attended him.

Observations on the Text

The structure of this narrative is relatively easy to trace: there is in introductory section providing some details, then three temptations with three answers, and then an aftermath. The main focus of the study will, of course, be on each of the three temptations, to determine what the temptation actually was and how Jesus dealt with it.

The introduction, the first couple of verses, tells us a couple of very significant things. First, that He was led by the Spirit of God into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. This is the same Spirit that just descended on Jesus at His baptism. Almost immediately this Spirit forces the temptation. This has to be given some careful thought. What it indicates is that it was the plan of God for Jesus to begin His ministry with this challenge--and that it was not the devil’s doing. The devil was willing to tempt Jesus, to be sure but it was the Spirit of God leading Jesus to it. The devil could tempt Jesus with every power he had, but he would not succeed. The temptation episode was God’s way of showing that Jesus was the perfect man, that He could resist sin, that he could defeat Satan.

The second thing for us to consider here is the devil, Satan. This is the first introduction to him in the Gospel. Somewhere along the way you should read up on Satan in a good Bible dictionary. This is that old Serpent (Rev. 12:9) who had been in the Garden this is the prince of demons, the god of this world, the fallen angel (or archangel) who seeks to destroy God’s work. The Gospels do not shy away from affirming that there is a whole spiritual world around the physical world, filled with angelic beings, some of whom rebelled against God with their leader Satan and are therefore evil. These that are the fallen angels, devils, demons as they are called, do the work of their prince, attacking and inflicting all kinds of disorders on those who want nothing to do with God. But that prince, the devil himself, undertakes the more significant efforts. He was successful in getting Adam and Eve to sin and plunge the world into darkness but he was not able here to defeat the Son of God.

Third, we are told that Jesus had been fasting for forty days and forty nights, and was hungry. There is no reason to doubt that it was forty days and forty nights as the text says but “forty” is a common number in the Bible for a period of difficulty, hardship, or suffering. One thinks immediately of the Israelites’ wandering for forty years in the wilderness--one whole generation. Forty days was a good long time to be fasting and that duration is here underscored with the symbolic meaning that it was forty days, the number of duration and testing. You could look in some of the resources for the symbolical meaning of numbers to find other passages where this occurs.

In the aftermath of the contest we read how the devil left Jesus and angels came and ministered to Him. The enemy left as a defeated challenger and the angels of God came to Jesus and served Him in ways that we cannot quite imagine. But they must have affirmed to Jesus with comfort and encouragement that He had done everything well and had won the victory over Satan.

But the center of this study will be the three temptations themselves, so we should look at them now to determine what they meant, and how they were met.

Analysis of the Temptations

1. Turn stones into bread. The first temptation picks up immediately on the fact that Jesus was hungry, that he had not eaten for forty days. The tempter said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

There is a fine point of grammar here that you would probably learn from a good commentary (unless along the way you studied Greek). You can still understand the temptation without knowing it, but knowing it helps just that much more. Sentences that begin with “if” (called conditional sentences) have different meanings. Some are contrary to fact, and some are not contrary to fact. The way it is written in the original indicates the type. For example, Martha said to Jesus, “If you had been here [but you were not], Lazarus would not have died.” That is a condition contrary to fact. That is not what we have in the words of Satan here. When he said, “If you are the Son of God,” he did not mean “If you are the Son of God [but you are not],” but rather he meant “since you are the Son of God.” He knew who this was, and would build his temptation on it. He was saying, “Look, you are divine! Why should you be hungry? Just change some stones to bread.”

Now then, we have to ask what was wrong with that. Was there anything wrong with making something to eat? He had the power to do it. He multiplied food later for people who were hungry. So why was this a temptation?

The answer, I think, is that Jesus had come out into the wilderness to fast for forty days. That was a spiritual exercise that had a very important place in His life at the moment. But the devil wanted to ruin the mission of Jesus, and so if he could convince Jesus on this seemingly trivial thing to abandon a spiritual work, then he would have had him. The temptation was to turn His spiritual nature into a means of satisfying His material need without reference to finding the will of God. In fact, he would be doing the will of the devil. The devil simply chose a little thing for the test but it would have destroyed the work of Christ.

The perfection of Jesus is displayed in His refusal. Hunger was not wrong, especially in a spiritual time of fasting (fasting was designed to focus attention on the spiritual and away from the comforts of life). And Jesus was announcing to Satan, and to all of us who will hear it, that it is better to be hungry than to be fed without any reference or recourse to the will of God. Satan had hit the nail right on the head--Jesus is the Son of God. But the essence of Sonship is obedience to the will of the Father. He would not, therefore, act independently of the will of the Father. Jesus knew that the Spirit had led Him into a place that necessitated hunger, and so He would fulfill that task.

In response Jesus quoted from the Book of Deuteronomy: “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.” If you go back and read Deuteronomy 8 you will see that the topic there is about the Israelites hungering in the wilderness for forty years. God tested them in the wilderness so that they would learn that they must obey what comes from the mouth of God. He gave them Manna but to acquire it and enjoy it required that they follow God’s instructions carefully. The main point was that if they obeyed the LORD He would provide their food. And so it was more important to obey God than to have all the food they could eat (recall that Adam and Eve chose to eat rather than obey God’s word).

So Jesus saw through the clever little ploy of Satan. He defeated the temptation by appealing to a clear principle of Scripture. But He was not just quoting a favorite verse He was drawing in the whole context of the passage to show that if God puts you in a place of deprivation for some spiritual purpose you do not try to change it solely for the purpose of satisfying your physical needs. The first thing that the person must do is try to discover what God is doing through the deprivation, what spiritual growth is desired and how it should be achieved. This would show that one does not live by bread alone, but by everything that God says and does.

2. Throw yourself down from the temple. If the first test was in the realm of the physical, the second is a test of the spiritual. In fact, the test strikes at the heart of the previous victory. Jesus had escaped that temptation by showing that He was not just physical but spiritual, that He could accept the hunger and the weakness if it meant obeying God. And so Satan wants Him to do something spectacular to demonstrate that He is spiritually perfect. Satan was saying to Jesus, “Very well, you have shown your trust in God in response to my first appeal so now show your trust in God by flinging yourself from the pinnacle of the temple.” This, no doubt, was to be in full view of all the assembled people they would witness that God was with Jesus in a very special way.

What is interesting now is that Satan himself quotes Scripture in making the appeal. He quotes from a psalm that says that God will give the angels charge over him so that he will not dash his foot against a stone (Ps. 91:11,12). The psalm is a psalm of trust, telling how God protects his people. It was never intended to be claimed apart from practical wisdom. God promises to protect His people but He has also given them common sense.

The response to this temptation is a little more involved. At the outset one should consider the source: if the devil, or, more obviously for us, someone who has no inclination to obey Scripture, if such a person prompts you to do something that it looks like the Bible says you can do, you would be wise to think it through very carefully. A lot of Scripture is quoted out of context, or partially, and needs to be investigated.

Jesus’ response is also from Scripture: “It is also written, &lsquoYou shall not put the LORD your God to the test.” This also comes from Deuteronomy, 6:16. This is the chapter in the Law that is foundational to Israel’s faith. It had the creedal statement in it, “Hear O Israel, Yahweh is our God, Yahweh alone.” The chapter then exhorts the people to obey His commands, and to do what is good and right before Him--but warns them not to test God.

The moment an individual puts God to the test, that person gives evidence that he or she does not really trust God. The context of Deuteronomy 6:16 refers to Massa and Meribah in the wilderness where the people murmured against God and tested Him--because they did not believe He could or would give them water (“Massa” is one name it is derived from the verb in Hebrew nasa,. “to test” the other name is “Meribah” it is from the verb rib, “to strive”). A trust that is weak or wavering seeks a sign or a dramatic intervention to make it steady.

So Jesus said, “No, my trust is perfect I do not need to do anything heroic to prove it. And I will not test God’s word by doing something foolish--at your prompting.” And so the spiritual nature of Christ retained its dignity and lived out its quiet, confident trust in the Father. He refused to do something dangerous to see if the angels would protect Him.

3. Fall down and worship me. The last temptation is amazing in its boldness. It is almost as if the devil realized he was not winning, and so with nothing to lose calls for Jesus to worship him. Its purpose was to prevent the work of the king, the work for which He had come into the world.

He took Jesus to a high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the earth. This verse seems to suggest something mystical, something supernatural. There is no mountain in Israel high enough to see much of anything. But the idea is probably that the devil provided some vision of these kingdoms. And the promise was that he would give them to Jesus if only Jesus would fall down and worship him. Luke adds that Satan claimed he had been given these kingdoms and it was his right to give them to whomever he wished. Satan was saying to Jesus, “Look, you came as the king to inherit the nations. Here they are. Why go through the trouble of being the suffering servant to get to the crown. Give me one moment’s homage and I will abdicate.”

Well, even in the words of Satan there were some clues that this was a malicious temptation. First, the offer was coming from the one who is the prince of liars. Who would knowingly do a deal with the devil? Jesus will later explain (John 8:44) that he was a liar from the beginning and the truth was not in him. What a lie this was. Did Satan actually imagine for one moment that the Son of God would believe him? Never would Satan have given him the kingdoms that was simply the bait for him to bow before the evil one. Unfortunately, far too many people have believed the evil tempter. Adam and Eve surely did.

Second, all Satan could offer were the “kingdoms,” plural kingdoms--these warring, divided, conflicting powers and races in the world. Who wants them? The Father had promised the Son a Kingdom, united in peace and righteousness and harmony. Of course, there is no way to inherit such a kingdom apart from redemption, apart from changing human nature to make it fit for the kingdom, for without it there would never be peace and harmony in the world. Satan’s offer is a cheap substitute.

So Jesus’ response was, “Away from me Satan! For it is written: &lsquoWorship the LORD your God, and serve Him only.’” This too comes from Deuteronomy (6:13). It is the cardinal truth of Scripture: worship God only. For the righteous there would not even be a thought of bowing down and worshiping the prince of darkness. Jesus would hold to that principle He would never worship Satan. And so He would receive the kingdom in God’s time, and in God’s way--by defeating Satan, first here in the temptation, and later at the cross.. And His will be a far better kingdom than this world could ever offer.

Old Testament Background

As mentioned above, the obvious parallel and necessary background is the temptation in the Garden. The tempter there came in disguise, in the form of a serpent, a creature that the humans were to rule over here Satan did not come in disguise, but in a bold and direct attack on Jesus.

In the Garden the tempter took the ploy of questioning what God had said. If you make a detailed study of that passage, Genesis 3:1-7, against the background of chapter 2, you will see that Eve made three changes in the wording (or was it Adam who told her incorrectly?): first she diminished the privileges (God had said “you may eat to your heart’s content of all the trees,” but she simply said, “we may eat”) second, she added to the prohibition (God had said, of this one tree “you must not eat,” but she added, “neither may you touch it”) and third, and most importantly, she was not convinced of the punishment of death (God had said, “You shall surely die,” and she said, “lest you die,” leaving it as a contingency). When the tempter saw this, he immediately denied the penalty for sin in exactly the words of the Creator: “You shall not surely die.” And this is the lie from the beginning, that you can sin and get away with it, or that God will not punish people whom He has made over sins like this.

The two observations to be made here are: Satan knew more precisely what God had said and was able to draw them into a discussion about the word of God with that advantage, and Satan boldly denied that there was a penalty for sin. This is why Jesus said that he was a liar from the beginning (John 8:44).

With that in mind we can see in Matthew 4 that Jesus could defeat Satan because He knew the word of God better than the tempter. He could come back with the wider picture: It is also written. Often temptation requires “getting rid of” one verse, or a prohibition that stands in the way (“if only that passage could be explained differently”). But the victorious believer will know how all of Scripture works, and that behind a prohibition or an instruction there is a general theological revelation that will govern the interpretation and application of details.

But we can also see that there is no trivial temptation. Eating from the tree in the Garden?--such a little thing. Turning stones into bread?--harmless. But each was a prompting from the devil to go against the will of God. And when anyone chooses to act contrary to what the living God wills, that person has chosen death. Satan knew that. We often do not we often think something small can be winked at, easily rationalized, even though we know at the time it is not what God wants. The Bible is filled with examples of this, and the more you study the Bible the more you will see them. One classic example is the case of Moses. Commanded to “speak” to the rock and bring water from it, he lost his temper and hit it (Num. 20). For that he was not allowed to go into the promised land. Who could blame Moses after putting up with the people for forty years in the wilderness? But, in the eyes of all the people he disobeyed God and gave them the impression that God (and he) was (were) getting fed up with the people. God wanted them to see His power--not Moses’ anger.

Well, in the Garden the aftermath of the temptation is also instructive. The text of Genesis 3 tells us that when the woman realized that the fruit of the tree was good for food, pleasing to the eye, and desirable for gaining wisdom, then she took and ate.

This is probably what John is referring to when he talks of the cravings in the world as the lust/desire of the flesh, the lust/desire of the eyes, and the pride of life (1 John 2:16). Temptation worked on all three levels--desire of the flesh to eat, desire of the eyes for beauty, and the desire to be like God, spiritual pride. But when they ate, all that they discovered were guilty fears and their vulnerability to evil.

New Testament Correlations

Hebrews.The Book of Hebrews tells us that we have a High Priest, Jesus Christ, who was tempted in every way as we are, yet remained without sin (Heb. 4:14-16). This means that He fully understands all that we face in this world--He was tempted in every way, not just in these three temptations at the outset, but throughout His life on earth. Therefore, Hebrews says, we may approach the throne of grace in prayer with confidence so that we may obtain mercy and grace to help in the time of need. Prayer to Christ in the times of temptation and trial is therefore critical for victory over temptation. And this makes sense--seek help from the one who did it.

James. If you look in a Bible study book, or a dictionary, or a theology book, or a concordance, you should find New Testament teachings on temptation or on Satan rather easily. James tells us “Resist the devil and he will flee from you” (4:7). That indicates that the devil will go where there is the least resistance. It also indicates that the human heart is capable of producing a good bit of evil without the devil’s prompting, a point that James makes in his epistle.

2 Corinthians. Paul also tells us that Satan masquerades as an angel of light (2 Cor. 11:14--but read the whole section of verses 1-15). Paul tells us that thanks to Scripture we are not ignorant of Satan’s devices, and therefore should be able to resist the tempter. But it will require more knowledge of Scripture, and better spiritual perception (see Hebrews 5:11-14). By knowing Scripture well, we will both know what the whole plan of God is for our lives, and we will be better able to perceive what would undermine it.

Conclusions and Applications

So we have here a great drama between Satan and Christ. It ends with Christ’s victory over the tempter because of His knowledge and use of the word of God. The attack of Satan was made against every vulnerable point--hunger, trust, and responsibility--and when these were held firmly, there was no other area the devil could attack. He struck at the material or physical need of food, but he found one who knew the spiritual was more important than the physical he struck at the spirit’s confidence in God, but found one whose trust in the Father did not need testing and he struck at the carrying out of the divine commission, but found one who was determined to carry out that plan in a divine way. Thus was Satan defeated.

What did this mean for Christ’s mission? It was a foretaste of the victory at the cross. Here Jesus defeated the tempter who tried to ruin His mission. But here Christ demonstrated that He would not be deterred from His mission. It was a very significant spiritual victory over the devil. And it would have given Jesus a tremendous boost (if we can say that reverently) He would know that the anointing of the Spirit gave Him the power to resist the evil one and to fulfill His mission.

On the theological level you might want to get off on an aside and think about what was going on here theologically. It makes a good little discussion. People often wonder whether or not Christ could have sinned, and if not, was it a real temptation? We would probably say that as Jesus He could be tempted, but as the divine Son He could not sin (and so it is bound up in the mystery of the two natures). But we would also say that at the moment of the temptation Jesus may not have known this--it was a real temptation and He worked through it. But Heaven knew He would not sin. In His time in this world there were times when Jesus had that greater knowledge and insight, and there were other times that He did not seem to have it or use it. And when and how this works is hard for us to know. But this was a true temptation. Satan thought he could win. Jesus fought back with His knowledge and obedience of Scripture. And Heaven was not surprised that He defeated Satan. And I do not think Satan was all that surprised either.

The applications or lessons that can be drawn from this passage are many--and you may think up others as well.

One very clear one would be the necessity of knowing Scripture, knowing what God’s will is (not for a career for your life, but the day in and day out spiritual life of devotion and obedience to God). This involves both understanding and being able to use the word of God in making choices between what is good and what is evil.

Another application would be the inspiration that can be drawn from the fact that Jesus as perfect man defeated Satan. Therefore, because he was tempted and because he was victorious, he understands us and stands ready to help. So prayer to him for victory would be a good lesson.

Other lessons can then be drawn from the individual temptations (and these have been discussed above so I will not go into detail here). The first had to do with knowing what is most important in life--obeying the word of God--and not living only to satisfy the flesh, or making a living, or using spiritual resources just to meet physical needs. Living by obedience to God has fallen on hard times today when so many are only interested in security of life through investments and entitlements, or indulging themselves in the good things of life. Seeking the good life can truly crowd out the spiritual things.

The second temptation had to do with trusting God. Those who truly know God and experience the reality of their faith daily do not need to find something spectacular to convince themselves and others. Today there is a growing pre-occupation with miraculous signs. Now God will do miraculous things--when He chooses to do them. But if people seek the spectacular in order to believe, or to convince themselves of the faith, it betrays a weak faith. Remember how in the vision of the rich man and the poor man Lazarus in their rewards, and the rich man asked Abraham for Lazarus to be sent to his family to warn them, thinking that they would believe if one came back from the dead? The answer was, “If they do not listen to Moses and the prophets [Scripture], they will not be convinced even if one rises from the dead” (Luke 16:31).

The third temptation had to do with fulfilling the commission or plan of God with a shortcut, not doing God’s way. This is the common temptation to avoid the means to get to the ends, or as is said, the end justifies the means. But with God there is a way to accomplish His plan for your life, and it calls for absolute devotion and obedience to Him. But Satan always offers shortcuts, that if looked at carefully, will ruin your life.

So there are a number of very useful lessons that can be drawn from this account. These should start your thinking. You can probably meditate on these for a while and find other examples of how the temptations would work in life, and how knowing what God wants would prevent them. The bottom line is that Jesus demonstrated for us how to achieve victory over temptation. In other words, we do not have to sin. There are ways to spiritual success, if we are willing to take them.

One thing that the rabbis taught on temptation is helpful. You work the issues and temptations and choices out like a business person, with a profit-loss ledger. If you make this choice and do this, what are the benefits, and what will the cost be? In many cases the cost, including fallout afterward, is just too high. A wise decision will count the cost.

If Christ had followed any one of these temptations, the immediate result might not have seemed so great, but the overall results would have been disastrous--He would have been a sinner, another fallen human like us, unable to redeem anyone, and the mission would have been ruined by the devil. But that was not going to happen, for the Father sent the Son into the world to redeem us, and by doing that He had to conquer Satan.


Meaning and Significance of the Temptation of Jesus

With regard to the significance of the temptation, refer to the gospel accounts. Matthew writes, "Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit" Mark expresses it, "The Spirit drove Him," while Luke declares He "was led by the Spirit." The one fact announced in these varied ways is of supreme importance to keep in mind if the true significance of this temptation is to be understood. A Divine plan was being worked out. It did not — to use a common expression — "happen" that Jesus met Satan and was tried. Neither is it true to say that the devil arranged the temptation.

Temptation here is in the Divine plan and purpose. Jesus went into the wilderness under the guidance of the Holy Spirit to find the devil. My own conviction is that if the devil could have escaped that day, he would have done so. It is a very popular fallacy that the enemy drove Christ into a corner and tempted Him. But the whole Divine story reveals that the facts were quite otherwise. God's perfect Man, led by the Spirit - or as Mark in his own characteristic and forceful way expresses it, driven by the Spirit - passes down into the wilderness, and compels the adversary to stand out clear from all secondary causes, and to enter into direct combat. This is not the devil's method. He ever puts something between himself and the man he would tempt. He hides his own personality wherever possible. To our first parents he did not suggest that they should serve him, but that they should please themselves. Jesus dragged him from behind everything, and put him in front, that for once, not through the subtlety of a second cause, but directly, he might do his worst against a pure soul.

Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. He was tempted of the devil during forty days, during the whole of which period He was still led by the Spirit. The Spirit took Him to the place of temptation, and was with Him through the process of temptation. Not in His Deity did He resist, but in His perfect Manhood. Manhood is however never able to successfully resist temptations of the devil save when fulfilling a first Divine intention, that, namely, of depending upon God, and thus being guided by the Spirit of God. Thus the Man Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, and was led by the Spirit through all the process of temptation.

Adapted from The Crises of the Christ, Book III, Chapter X, by G. Campbell Morgan.


According to the Gospels of Matthew (4:1-11) and Luke (4:1-13) Jesus was let by the holy spirit into the desert right after he was baptized by John in the Jordan River. While Jesus fasted, the devil tempted him three times to prove his divinity by demonstrating his supernatural powers.

Each time, Jesus rejected the tempter with a quotation from the Book of Deuteronomy, So the devil left and angels brought food to Jesus, who was famished.

According to tradition from the 12th century, two of the devil’s temptations were on the Mount of Temptation.


Temptation of Jesus - History

The 3 Temptations of Jesus

Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.” Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”

Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. “If you are the Son of God , he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written: ‘He will command His angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’” Jesus answered him, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’”

Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor. “All this I will give you , he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.” Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”

Then the devil left Him, and angels came and attended him.

A fter His baptism, Jesus is lead into the wilderness by the Holy Spirit to be tempted. Now why would the Spirit do that? Undoubtedly during those 40 days and nights, Jesus was praying, thinking, questioning and seeking what God wanted Him to do and undoubtedly the Holy Spirit revealed to Him what He had to do. Save the world. Many of us know Jesus is the Son of God, and in our thinking, temptation "shouldn't have been a problem for Jesus", because He is 100% God and can conquer anything. Of course, we are saying this after the fact. To some of us, it might seem like an exercise done merely for our benefit to see that Jesus was indeed obedient to God, but the Holy Spirit brought Jesus to the wilderness to prepare Him for the journey to come.

The fact that Jesus is tested by the devil, reveals that He is also 100% human. The temptations are real. Jesus has the same weaknesses, struggles, doubts, fears and wishes that we have. By coming to earth as a man, Jesus humbled Himself to live and be as one of us.

Why the wilderness? Because the wilderness is void, far from any manmade civilization and distraction. Unpredictable and harsh it is a place that offers nothing but the possibility of death. As the word itself says, it is wild. To be in the wilderness is to be alone totally relying on God for survival.

Moses and Elijah also fasted and prayed for 40 days and nights in the wilderness in preparation for their work for God. Those 40 days were difficult times of intense spiritual struggle. Moses fasted and prayed for 40 days on a mountaintop before he received the 10 commandment stone tablets from God and afterwards when he saw that the people had sinned. (Deuteronomy 9:9-18, Exodus 34:28). Elijah traveled and fasted 40 days and nights through the wilderness to the mountain of God. (1 Kings 19:4-8). The importance of prayer and fasting is denying oneself and following the will of God. Fasting alone is not enough, but must go hand in hand with prayer. Jesus follows the path of Moses and Elijah to cleanse, purify and seek God's will in the wilderness.

More significantly, the 40 days and nights are also a parallel to the 40 years the Israelites spent wandering the desert because of their lack of faith in God. Their faith was tested and they failed. They never saw the Promised Land. Was this test in the desert, Jesus' Life and Sacrifice, the way that He would correct their failure? The Israelites did not see the Promised Land, but by following through and serving God only, Jesus made the way so His people could NOW enter the Promised Land.

When we read Jesus' rebuke to the devil, we imagine Him to be faithful, confident and strong. But we are not privy to Jesus' facial expressions when He rebukes the devil, nor do we hear the tone of His voice. After 40 days and nights of fasting in the unrelenting desert heat along with struggle, fear and doubt, Jesus must have been weak, frail and exhausted. Was Jesus fighting with every ounce of His strength to keep the devil away? When quoting the Scripture, was Jesus also reminding Himself of God's Word? Jesus' responses don't reveal the internal struggle He had with these temptations, but we know that He did not sin and was obedient.

In the first and second temptations, the devil challenges Jesus, “If you are the Son of God. " Though the Holy Spirit had revealed to Jesus that He was the Son of God, could it be that part of the devil's temptation was to cause doubt about Jesus' divinity? If this is true, then any doubt of who Jesus really was, might have caused Jesus to falter. The devil was hoping this would be the case.

But all of Jesus' responses declare in faith, "It is written. " The final word that the devil cannot dispute: The Word of God.

Though there were many temptations throughout the 40 days and nights, the Gospels focus on these three. Jesus was tempted by these particular temptations because He struggled with the same struggles that we have: whether to live our life our way OR to live serving God wherever it will lead.

Jesus was tempted by the devil to abandon the hard difficult road ahead and take the shortcut to power, wealth and glory. The devil wanted to stop Jesus from fulfilling God's plan and so he tempts Jesus with everything he's got, tempting Him from every angle.

You can't tempt someone with "bread" who isn't hungry. These particular temptations reveal what was at the heart of Jesus' desires and fears after His time in the wilderness. The only way He could continue with His ministry would be to conquer these temptations and put God first. His temptations were opportunities to "back out" from doing God's will and do what He wanted. These temptations were tied directly to His obedience to God.


The 1st temptation:

“If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

The devil starts by questioning Jesus' divinity, challenging Him to prove His power by satisfying His hunger. After 40 days without food, Jesus was famished and the devil tempted Jesus with the first thing on Jesus' mind: Food.

But Jesus' response is: “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’” quoting Deuteronomy 8:1-3.

Even in weakness and intense hunger, Jesus words say that He will not live for His own appetites but will live to follow God's will. God comes first. But what would have been the big deal if He just turned a few stones into bread? He already finished most of His fasting and praying. It would have been OK wouldn't it?

All of us live to satisfy ourselves. Our earthly appetites. We seek to put food on the table, a roof over our heads and make something of ourselves. But obedience to God is at the very bottom of our list of things to do. Jesus sought the will of the Father. That is His food. His Heavenly appetite. This was what Jesus was actually hungry for: God's Word. He will not be driven by His fleshly wants, but will seek only to follow God in faith. He denies Himself.

The 2nd Temptation:

“If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written: ‘He will command His angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.

Here the devil takes Jesus to the top of the Temple of Jerusalem and quotes Psalm 91: 11-12, challenging Him again to prove His divinity and test God by jumping off the top. Now why such a bizarre test? Why would Jesus even be tempted to jump off the top of the Temple of Jerusalem?

Perhaps the devil was beckoning Jesus to test God with an ultimatum to force God to prove Himself and clear up any doubts He had- &ldquoIf you are truly the Messiah, God will protect you with angels and you will know He is with you, but if you are wrong, then you will die in your folly and escape this path He is leading you to."

The devil is tempting Jesus by telling him that God will protect Him from injury or death if He is truly the Messiah, but underneath this harmless temptation is the real reason the devil wants to lead Jesus: to tempt Him into self glory.

By jumping off the top of the Temple and floating down on the wings of angels, all the Jewish Temple worshipers would behold Jesus descending from Heaven, as they would have expected the Messiah to arrive. It would have been an amazing spectacle. People would have immediately worshiped Him as their King. His life from then on would have been of power, authority and glory. But isn't that why Jesus came to earth, to lead His people? The Jews were seeking such a Messiah that would come to save them. A strong mighty leader who would descend from Heaven and set up God's Kingdom on earth. But that is not why Jesus came. He didn't come for His own glory, but to be a humble servant to do the purpose of God. And that purpose, was to be a sacrifice for mankind. Again, He is taking a step back from His own will to instead do the will of God.

T he devil disguises this true temptation for what it will lead to.
Like a person who sins, the devil says, "Don't worry about it, it will be no big deal. Nothing will happen to you." But one sin leads to another and another. This is how an innocent sin leads to a greater evil. By asking Jesus merely to test if God will protect Him, the devil is setting Him up to prove who He was, offering quick adoration without the pain and suffering to come. A shortcut to glory.

But isn't he quoting Psalm 91:11-12? Yes, even the devil quotes Scripture. But the devil twists the meaning of the Scripture (which he still does today) prodding Jesus to misuse the true intention of the Scripture. The Psalms speak of God's protection to those who trust Him, but the promise is not to be used as a way of testing God. It is much like some Christians today who quote Mark 16:17-18, intentionally handling poisonous snakes to test God and prove to themselves their spiritual ranking.

But Jesus understands that we are to serve God only. Not vice versa. It all goes back to the will of God. It is not about what we want, but what God wants. By having the ability to CONTROL God, one would have great POWER. But Jesus humbles Himself and denounces Satan's temptation.

“It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’”

Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:16 which was related to Exodus 17:1-7, when the Israelites complained to Moses about taking them out into the desert saying, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?" By complaining they displayed their lack of faith in God and a demand for proof. "Is the LORD among us, or not?"

In the same way, so many of us today want God to give us a sign, answer our prayers or ask God to prove Himself by some miracle before we will have faith. Faith alone and the promise of God is not enough for us, so we test God.

This temptation was a test of Jesus' faith. Did it also go through Jesus mind that the Lord brought Him through this journey just to die? Did Jesus also want a confirmation that God was indeed with Him? The devil played on Jesus' doubts with an offer of an easy out and a reward of power and glory.

But Jesus' humbleness and faith wins out. He knows that God is indeed with Him. Jesus again denies Himself.

The 3rd Temptation:
Here the devil finally lays it all out to Jesus.

“All this I will give you," he said, "if you will bow down and worship me.”

The devil takes Him even higher to the top of the mountain to show Him the earth's offerings. This temptation was the biggest one of all. The offer. to be like God. He can have wealth, possession, glory and power, but the cost is an exchange. Instead of serving God, He would have to serve the devil.

Jesus rebukes his final offer, calling him out by name, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: 'Worship the Lord God, and serve him only.'"

He gives up this greatest temptation: To have it all.

As Christians we all believe that we reject Satan, but how many of us work to get what Satan offers: money, recognition, authority, glory and possessions? Our lives are dedicated to serving ourselves rather than God. As Jesus would later say in His ministry, "You cannot serve both God and mammon." -Matthew 6:24

In order to succeed, many business people will do and say anything to advance to the top, trampling on many along the way. They also sacrifice so many important things like family or friends, honesty, morality or integrity because their business comes first. It is their god. As Jesus says in Matthew 16:26 "For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul?"

The devil can only offer the temporal worldly treasures that will pass away, but Jesus seeks God's eternal treasures that the devil cannot offer.

Jesus answers the devil with Exodus 20:3, "You shall have no other gods before Me." Jesus will serve only God, turning down this offer to have everything. Jesus denies Himself for the third time.

The devil finally left after this. there was nothing else he could offer. He had offered Jesus EVERYTHING. and Jesus turned him down.

Each of the temptations of Christ are the same temptations we all face daily:

1. Seeking to satisfy ourself instead of God.

2. Manipulating God to attain our goals of power and glory.

3. To BE as God. To have it all.

By denying these 3 temptations Jesus denies this earthly life. His food is to serve God, not Himself. And that was Jesus' great struggle: to live His life for God instead of Himself.

Passing these 3 temptations, Jesus has surrendered Himself for God's use. He was now prepared for the great work of God to come. By denying Satan, He was ready to follow God in total obedience, resulting in the greatest gift to the world: salvation and reconciliation of humankind to God. He died so we could return to fellowship with the Father.

That is why the angels ministered to Him when the temptations were over. Rejecting these temptations was the final obstacle for Jesus. He denied Himself for our sake. He could have had a king's life of earthly satisfaction, power and wealth, but instead His short life on earth was for the purpose of saving us.

His temptations lasted up until the end, even in His final hour at the Garden of Gethsemane when Jesus struggled with His temptations to escape from God's will. His emotions are real. His fear is real.

They came to a place named Gethsemane and He said to His disciples, "Sit here until I have prayed." And He took with Him Peter and James and John, and began to be very distressed and troubled. And He said to them, "My soul is deeply grieved to the point of death remain here and keep watch." And He went a little beyond them, and fell to the ground and began to pray that if it were possible, the hour might pass Him by. And He was saying, "Abba! Father! All things are possible for You remove this cup from Me yet not what I will, but what You will." - Mark 14: 32-36

His last words say it all. "yet not what I will, but what You will."

It was His great love for God and us, His people, that He sacrificed His own life for our sake. The Cross was the ultimate sacrifice. He died so that we could live to enter the Promised Land with Him. THAT was God's will: to reconcile God and man back together in His great love.


Temptation of Christ

The temptation of Christ is detailed in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. After His baptism, Jesus went into the desert where he didn't eat for 40 days. Then He was temped by Satan who told him to change stones into bread. Jesus didn't do it even though he must have been hungry. He said that Man does not live by bread alone, but by the words that come from the Father's (God's) mouth. The devil then told Jesus to jump off the highest part of the Temple to show his power, since the Bible said that God would send angels to save Him. Jesus replied that the Bible also says not to "test the Lord your God". Then the Devil offered to give Jesus all of the World's kingdoms if Jesus would worship him. Jesus replied that we should worship only God.

All three temptations are recorded in each of the three Synoptic Gospels. But the order in which they were told is different between the accounts. Some scholars think the Gospel authors chose the order of the three temptations to make a particular point, not just because they were careless in telling the story. [1]


Christ – Victorious over Temptations

“If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread,” the devil said. The Lord’s response (Matt. 4:4) provides insight into the nature of this temptation. Jesus knew that it was the will of God for him to fast and be tested. A miracle, to bring his fast to an end, would have reflected upon his absolute trust in God. By quoting Moses’ admonition to the Israelites in the wilderness (Deut. 8:3), Jesus acknowledged his complete trust and dependence on God. Every word from God is reliable, and we shall survive and live if we depend on his promises and meet his requirements.

“If you are the Son of God, cast yourself down.” The devil appealed to Psalm 91:11-12, implying that God would not let Jesus fall to his death. In effect, Satan was saying, “So you trust God completely? Well cast yourself down after all, he has promised to protect you.” The protection that God affords the faithful is not without conditions. The Lord recognized that such provocation of God is sin, and he would not submit his Father to a frivolous test. Therefore, Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy 6:16 to ward off the temptation.

Lastly, the devil promised to give Jesus the kingdoms of the world on one condition. “Fall down and worship me,” the devil offered. How, in any respect, could this be considered a temptation? The temptation lay in the tendency for humanity to avoid the hard way, and for Christ the hard way was unbelievable suffering — both the physical torture for which he was marked, and the spiritual agony that he would endure in bearing the wrath of his Father because of our sins. But the Lord would not be discouraged from fulfilling the will of God, even though it put him through suffering unimaginable (Matt. 26:38).


Watch the video: Temptation of Jesus (May 2022).