Are the English Celts?

Are the English Celts?

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I was reading that a "native" English person (the average person tracing their ancestors in England say 200 years at least) has about 30% Anglo-Saxon DNA and 3% Viking DNA.

Presumably the other 67% of the DNA is Celtish - the iron age people who lived in England from about 750BC to the Roman invasion (which apparently had very little input into the local DNA). So the average English person could trace 67% of their DNA back about 2770 years in England?

So when talking about the English, is it more correct to call them Celts or Anglo-Saxons?

In terms of culture, we have Roman culture (but little DNA) and Anglo-Saxon culture, and later Norman culture but should the English call themselves Anglo-Saxons when they have only 30% Anglo-Saxon DNA?

Or would it be better to say they are Celtish-Anglo-Saxon?

I think it would avoid confusion with people saying the English being Anglo-Saxons have only been in England since the Anglo-Saxon settlement of around 400AD. Also it would be nice if the Welsh, Scots and Irish saw the English as fellow Celts.

An Ancestry study has this to say (slightly reformatted for readability):

This is according to new analysis of the genetic history of two million people worldwide by Ancestry, the leader in family history and consumer genomics, based on data collated from the AncestryDNA home DNA test that examines a person's entire genome at over 700,000 different genetic locations.

The results reveal the genetic ethnic make up of the 'average' person in the UK and what countries and/or regions they can trace their ancestry back to over the past 500 years. They found that the average UK resident is

  • 36.94% British (Anglo Saxon),
  • 21.59% Irish (Celtic) and
  • 19.91% Western European (the region covered today by France and Germany).

Following these top three regional ethnicities in the average UK resident are

  • Scandinavia (9.20%), the
  • Iberian Peninsula> (Spain/Portugal) (3.05%),
  • Italy and Greece (1.98%).

Note that these figures are an average across the results. There is more concerning variation by region within the UK:

English people have significantly less Irish ancestry (just 20% of their genetic make-up) on average compared to people living in Scotland (43.84%), Wales (31.99%) and Northern Ireland (48.49%).

English residents do however have the highest amount of Scandinavian (9.39%) and Western European (French/German) (20.45%) ancestry.

Scottish residents have the highest amount of Finnish/Northwest Russian (1.31%) heritage, which is explained by their geographic proximity.

Welsh residents have the highest proportion of ancestry from the Iberian Peninsula (Spain/Portugal) in the UK (3%).

This type of family history DNA study has little to do with ancient Celts, which is apparently the thought the OP has. Note the bounds mentioned at the beginning of the cited article (emphasis mine):

Study looked at the nation's ethnicity dating back 500 years from 26 global regions

These 'ethic' DNA studies do not have enough data to go back to the ancient Celts, Gauls or Romans. They just indicate you have DNA similar to someone whose family has lived in one of these locations for a long time (the last 500 years).


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